Dover Beach by Matthey Arnold
“Dover Beach” is an expression of melancholy and the condition of human nature. It is clearly seen how Matthew Arnold conveys his feelings of confusion and despair in Dover Beach through the use of literary devices. This statement is going to be analyzes in the following paragraphs. First of all the description of night and moon in the beginning create a mysterious and a somber tone. Besides, the voice describes “the cliffs of England stands; Glimmering and vast” composed of chalk that easily erodes. Like that outstanding faith (light) who is dying, giving an idea of how despair and confused he as he never imagine this would happen. Thirdly in the second stanza, full of auditory images, Arnold make uses of exaggeration in “grating roar of pebbles,” comparing pebbles with people who in those time, Victorian period, come and go by the movement of the “waves” and losing faith. The strong sense of internal confliction is repeated throughout the poem, especially in the sensual image of the “grating roar,” a complain of the innocent people who is losing their lights, due to the fact this process in which the sea (faith in god) comes and goes moving pebbles (people), causes conflicts and doubts in them. What is more, there is reference to the past in the third Stanza as the poet uses “Sophocles”, an ancient Greek philosopher as both complains of the loss in faith in god, both of them shares the same thoughts and it also show that the people for a long time had the idea of a comparison between sea and human misery. Because the sea was bringing and taking the misery of men of that age, as both of them describes a man without religion (light) as being misery and aimlessly. Furthermore, in stanza four make reference to the idea of melancholy past in present, as the metaphor perfectly says “Sea of Faith,” suggesting that in the past humanity was more religious. This spontaneous change makes the author confused and sad, creating a melancholic...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document