Nineteen Eight-Four , by George Orwell, is a story about a man named Winston Smith, a member of the Outer party, who lives in London, in a time when it is totalitarian society, which is led by Big Brother, who is constantly watching and surveillance its people. Big Brother controls and sensors everyones thoughts and behavior. They achieve this by public mind control, which is known as Doublethink. Doublethink is a term coined by Orwell, it means “the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in ones mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.” Therefore Winston lives in a time where the government (Big Brother) defines reality. Also the “process of doublethink has to be conscious, or it would not be carried out with sufficient precision, but also has to be unconscious, or it would bring with it a feeling of falsity and hence of guilt.” Everything is controlled by the Party is a manifest of doublethink, even history which is evident in Winston's job, his job is to literally change history. He is change old newspapers and other documents and records to match with “new truths” decided by the party. "History has stopped, nothing exists except an endless present in which the Party is always right. Another of the power of Big Brother with its use of doublethink, is how the citizens accept the Party's ministry's even though there name contradicts there function. Such as, the Ministry of Plenty really over sees the economic shortage, Ministry of Peace wages war, the Ministry of Truth, which Winston works for, really conducts propaganda and historical revisions. The Ministry of Love, dispute its name is horrific place, which is the center for torture and punishment. Although the thought of government having such control over a society, where its citizens are longer able to decipher the truth from lies, seems like an bad dream, the concept of doublethink is evident in Bowe 2
contemporary American culture and society.
From Doublethink comes Doublespeak, which is language used to deliberately deceive through the concealment or misrepresentation of truth, they work together to achieve social control. In Nineteen Eighty-Four, George Orwell, calls this Newspeak, which is the language spoken in the novel, it was created to help stop even the thought of a rebellious thought, this is achieved by removing words that could possibly promote those ideas. In our society Doublethink and doublespeak are never far from us, even without us consciously knowing, this is because the mass media, from newspapers, to advertising, consumerism, and even the news media and our economy.
The media controls us, it is a catalyst for, the way we feel and think, even if we don't think it does, and we think we believe opposing ideas . Much like Big Brother in Nineteen Eighty- Four who was always watching there citizens for control, American society is controlled by the ever present media. They can do this by there word choice, to make us react a certain way. There are several types of Doublespeak , but not are forms of doublethink, when doublespeak becomes doublethink, is when it is used to mislead or deceive. An example of Doublethink in the media is when, “the U.S. State Department decided in 1984 that in its annual reports on the status of human rights in countries around the world it would no longer use the word killing. Instead, it uses the phrase unlawful or arbitrary deprivation of life. Thus the State Department avoids discussing the embarrassing situation of the government-sanctioned killings in countries that are supported by the United States. (382 Lutz)" They do this so they lessen the harshness of the circumstance. "Its real intent is at variance with its apparent intent. It is language designed to alter our perception of reality. (382 Lutz) So even though we know that there was killings and killing is ethically wrong, it does not seem as bad. Also the words they choice to use to convey the news is also a form...