I believe that many other students like me that would like to believe that if a student got a good memory then his or her college life will be much easier. Having a good memory means you can easily remember and recall what you have heard from professors, or what you have read from textbooks. So, what is memory? Is that really so mysterious? In definition, memory is an organism's ability to store and retrieve information over time. Nowadays, people already know that how importantly and complicated the memory works. Simply saying, there are three functions of memory, which is encoding, storage, and retrieval. We transform what we perceive, think, or feel into an enduring memory, then maintain information in memory over time, and finally retrieval when the process of bringing to mind information that has been previously encoded and stored. Obviously, it is not anyone that has a good memory. When it comes to individual, everyone has different levels of ability to deal with memory. In reality, you will find many women complaining that their husbands or boyfriends tend to forget their birthdays and anniversaries; and men always explain that they have bad memories. So, is it true that women have a better memory than men? Dose gender affect memory?
The evidence shows that gender dose affect memory. In fact, men and women are equally affected by short-term memory loss. Nevertheless, men can obtain a better long-term memory than women. In the follows, I will explain it more specifically.
Memory is the ability to store, retain, and recall information over time. Generally, memory is divided into three processes, which are sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory. Sensory memory store is the place in which sensory information is kept for few seconds or less. It happens quickly as well as fast decaying. For example, when you looking at an item and try to remember what it looks like just with a second of observation. Or it is even less than a second when you try to memorize the image that only holds for a very short time. The reason is that the sensory information which come from such as sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch are being taken in by sensory receptors and processed by the nervous system quickly and cannot be prolonged via rehearsal— which cannot get into another stage memory for recall. There are a series of classic experiments that can explained it more clearly: one is the research participants that were asked to remember rows of letters, however, the researcher flashed on the letters on a screen for just 1/20th of a second. There are less people can really remember what those letters are. The reason is “although that kind information can stores the whole grid, the information fades too quickly for a person to recall everything.” Because those actions just happen in few seconds or even less than 1 second, it is hard to predicate what kind of relationship between gender and memory. “Individuals only holds less one second sensory information after the stimulus ceased.” In my opinion, it almost depends on their own sensory receptors and nervous system’s working processes. It is really hard for me to conclude how gender affect sensory information because individuals have different speeds about their receptors and it is hard to find out how it works when the sensory information stimulate to work on nervous system specially it only happens in less than one second. Nevertheless, when comes to short-term memory, there is a much clearer idea about gender and memory. I believe that men and women are equally affected by short-term memory loss which depend on their own interests- gender’s interests and own personal backgrounds. Short-term memory, which is unlike the sensory memory, stores the non-sensory information that keeps for more than a few seconds but less than a minute. For example, we can easily repeat the cellphone numbers, prices, or vocabularies...