Parole and Truth In Sentencing
March 01, 2015
Parole is a concept of reintegrating a convicted criminal back into society. It is different from probation, as probation is a tool used as a form of punishment prior to incarceration, and parole is used for those who are getting or have already been released. The concept gained popularity in the 19th century to provide incentive for people to behave well. There are two major types of parole, discretionary parole, and mandatory parole. Discretionary parole is based on the recommendations of a parole board, a group of officials who interview the convict and determine whether they should be reintegrated into society. Mandatory parole reintegrates convicts based on the majority of their sentence having been served, with deduction taken for good conduct or other considerations. Reintegration takes place within a structured environment, in which parolees must meet certain conditions, check in with parole officers, and submit to drug testing. The use of parole in this country began with New York’s Elmira Reformatory in 1876.
There are a number of conditions that affect parole, both during the time of incarceration, and after release during reentry. With discretionary parole, good conduct during incarceration. After being granted parole, the parolee will sign a form upon which the conditions of parole are based. These can include finding employment within 30 days, paying parole fees, regular contact with parole officers, and remaining within the state. These conditions are designed to provide a loose structure that will prevent the parolee from reverting back to criminal behaviors.
Truth in sentencing is a phrase that represents a number of reforms and laws, which affect the sentencing process. The goal of such reforms was because of a trend which had ...
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