ORGAN DONATION is a subject of much attention; unfortunately, only few articles have been published about public attitudes toward organ donation. Nowadays, organ donations has become a very important procedure in cures and it helps many people to regain life. “The gift that has been given to me says much about our capacity for great compassion and generosity, and I hope it sends an inspiring message to others about the importance of organ donation" (Steven Cojocaru). It is an interesting topic and we should spread it as much as it is possible. In order to make this research, I attended several websites, read many articles so I can discuss and present this point.
“We found that nearly 94% of the population had heard about organ transplantation, but only 19% of these people carried donor cards. The results indicated that people are somewhat more likely to donate the organs of a relative who had just died (53%) than they are to donate their own organs (50%)” (Diane L. Manninen, phd; W. Evans,phd). We can conclude that public still does not know the importance of organ donation. This means that there must be awareness between public about organ donation and how it can benefit both donors and recipients with their families. Organ donation is a surgical operation in which a damaged or failure organ in the human body is removed and replaced by a functioning one from a donor. The donated organ maybe from a living donor, deceased donor, or a donor site. An organ transplant can improve or save someone’s life. Many people are against donating the organs because they are afraid from the damage of their organs or they say that it is not allowed to donate in religion. In parallel some people encourage donating organs since it is a gift that gives another chance to live so what is the disincentive that excludes the patient to live a happy life. Donating organs is very important, it saves many lives that’s why we should promote organ donation as we should encourage people to share in donating. People must know what are the organs that can be donated, how to become a donor, the effects of organ donation on the recipient, how do we transplant organs, the problems that can occur, and religions point of view.
1.Organs that can be donated:
The organ donation process takes healthy organs and tissues from someone in order to be transplanted into another. Experts say that organs from one donor can save or help as many as 50 people. There are many organs that can be transplanted:
Internal organs: Kidneys, liver, heart, pancreas, intestines, lungs Skin
Bone and bone marrow
Organs can be taken from recipients if they are alive or even if they are dead. All internal organs should be taken from a 'beating heart' donor, meanwhile, kidneys are the only exception and can be retrieved within one hour of hear. Tissues are unlike organs they can be preserved for a long time as years for example, and can be taken from cardiac dead people since a period of 24 hours.
2. How to become a donor?
“People of all ages and background can be organ donors. If you are under age, your parent or guardian must give you permission to become a donor. If you are 18 or older you can show you want to be a donor by signing a donor card. You should also let your family know your wishes”. (National Woman’s Health Information Center).
There are other health conditions to be donor. A person must not be a HIV positive or havs active cancer or any systemic infection. So, many people can donate, conditions are not hard at all! And concerning age it is only for minors that we need a parent acceptance.
3.Effect of Organ Donation on the Recipient.
Organ donation affects the recipient not only on health side but it also affects him emotionally. It helps this person to deal effectively once again with his life normally. It also permit him be satisfy with his new life. Moreover, it can also affect the...