Domestic violence has come to be known as a form of behavior that is exerted onto an individual to establish power and control over the person through physical and emotional attacks, fear, and intimidation. It can affect people in a broad range of various backgrounds in regards to social, economic, racial, religious, and ethnic groups. It doesn’t discriminate against relationship status whether married, divorced, separated, cohabitating, or dating, and has been seen in heterosexual or homosexual relationships in all age brackets. Nonetheless, domestic violence is very prevalent across the world, and is now recognized as a form of criminal violence. With this in mind, the evaluation of research presented within this report will focus on the examination of two former research studies where one looked at the reasons for intimate partner violence perpetration from arrested females, and the other focuses on lethal and non-lethal violence inflicted toward the female partner.
The first article to be discussed is that of lethal and non-lethal violence against the female partner where comparisons are conducted of male murderers and male abusers to better understand the violence patterns and possible associated risk factors. A secondary analysis of data previously collected from two different studies on convicted abusers were re-analyzed and compared to one another limiting the data to certain factors such as age, education, employment and prior conviction history, child abuse, drug or alcohol abuse, and so on in search of finding possible correlations of distinct factors associated with the two possible outcomes of domestic violence. This is whether a situation and/ or offender is more prone to lethal or non-lethal violence. The first study that was examined was known as the Violent Men Study which included 122 males with convictions of non-lethal against their intimate female partner. The other study, used as a secondary analysis for comparison , was the Murder in Britain Study where a sample of 106 offenders were drawn that had murder in the context of an intimate relationship. One of the main purposes of this secondary analysis study was to see if there is a progression where non-lethal violence begins to turn means as well as all of the possible risk factors involved in each subset category to compare or contrast the personalities and backgrounds of abusers versus murderers.
The findings for this research article have confirmed that relative to abusers, men who kill are generally more conventional in respect to childhood backgrounds, education, employment, and criminal careers, are more likely to be possessive and jealous, and are more likely to be separated from their partner at the time of the event (Dobash, Dobash, Cavenagh, & Medina-Ariza, 2007). Men who kill are more likely to have used violence against a previous partner, to have sexually assaulted and strangled the victim, and to have used a weapon or instrument (Dobash et al., 2007). However, they were less likely to have been drunk at the time of the event, or to have previously used violence against the woman they killed (Dobash et al., 2007). In comparison to this, the non-lethal abusers were more likely to have come from a home where they were victims or witnesses of abuse, had higher unemployment and alcohol abuse levels, were either married or co-hebetating, and were under the influence at the time of the events. The non-lethal abusers were also discovered to be less possessive and jealous of their partners, and refrained from sexual violence during their attacks, unlike their counterparts. The research here has suggested that lethal domestic violence does not necessarily stem from a simple progression from non-lethal abuse to murder in a majority of cases and has opened the door for the opportunity of new research to possibly examine these two groups more in depth, and separately to determine better risk assessments.
The next article studied...