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domestic and foreign policies of Napoleon Bonaparte

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domestic and foreign policies of Napoleon Bonaparte

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Nancy Tomka

Napoleon’s Domestic and Foreign Policies
Prior to the 1700s, King Louis XVI got in power. He married Maria Antoinette. She is the daughter of Katherine the Great from Russia. While the king and the queen were enjoying their life in the palace of Versailles, people outside the palace had difficulties finding bread. The French Revolution took place with the lead of Robespierre. During the French Revolution, the French got fed up with outrageous taxes the monarchy made. It was so bad that the peasant could barely pay for a loaf of bread, so they started to break into stores and steal, burning places down and going against the king's orders. They ended up killing the king and queen, and that is when Napoleon Bonaparte eventually came into the picture as a new leader after assassinating Maximilien Robespierre. In 1797, by the help of Pope Pius VII, Napoleon Bonaparte became first consul after overthrowing the Directory and establishing the Consulate. During his time as a leader of France, Napoleon appeared in some respects to be an enlightened ruler like his Civil Code, him ending feudalism, centralizing the government, his religious policies, improving schools, and creating nationalism, but some of his actions contradicted that appearance, just like many other enlightened rulers like Catherine the Great of Russia. For example shutting down newspapers, controlled prices, his secret police, and the national education system were not enlightened actions. The same action were made outside France, he made some actions that were enlightened, like conquering the Austrian Empire, the Treaty of Amiens, and expansion of the colonial empire, but he also had unenlightened thinking as well like the continental system, invading Egypt, and many wars, but the most destructive was the Peninsular war.

Napoleon created the Napoleonic code in France in 1804. It is also known as The Civil Code. It was a unified legal code. It is Napoleon’s single most...