Domestic and Foreign Affairs in the 1790s

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Domestic vs. Foreign Affairs

In the 1790s many new aspects contributed to the set up of the new United States of America. Domestic and foreign affairs were shaping politics drastically, the Bill of Rights and the constitution was being made, the formation of a centralized or decentralized government was being debated, and the United States was having territory issues with Spain and France. Although both foreign and domestic affairs greatly affected American politics, it was more important to set up a stable government rather than to worry about gaining territory.

In order to run an effective country, the government needs to set up rules, or the constitution, needs to have money, or taxes, and needs to have a leader, or the president. The constitution was ratified by the states in 1791, it set up the rules for the country and how the country would run for over the next two centuries. It had to appeal to all of the people, and the wealthy and the poor in order to gain the votes of the different states. In order to get money to set up a strong military and infrastructure, the government had to create taxes. Although taxing the people did not necessarily please them, the government knew that was the only way to afford the government they wanted to pursue. George Washington was elected president in 1789, leading the country in a new direction. For his second term though, Washington did not want to be president again, but knew that the United States government needed time to settle political party differences.

During Washington’s presidency, many political parties were being formed. Once Washington took his second term, the main ones began to strengthen, which were the Democratic-Republicans and the Federalists. Jefferson and Madison lead the Democratic-Republicans, they believed in a strong government and more power to the government. Adams and Hamilton lead the Federalist Party, they believed in state’s rights and more freedom towards the states...
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