Domestic Abuse

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DOMESTIC ABUSE

Domestic abuse, also known as domestic violence, is the intentional use of physical violence and/or psychological tactics used by a member of a family to dominate another. Domestic abuse often refers to abuse between spouses or parents and children, but can include abuse between non-married intimate partners. Domestic violence occurs in all cultures; people of all races, ethnicities, religions, sexes and classes can be perpetrators of domestic violence. Domestic abuse is perpetrated by both men and women.

FORMS OF DOMESTIC ABUSE

Physical violence
Physical violence is the intentional use of physical force with the potential for causing injury, harm, disability, or death, for example, hitting, shoving, biting, restraint, kicking, or use of a weapon. Domestic violence can take the form of physical violence, including direct physical violence ranging from unwanted physical contact to rape and murder. Indirect physical violence may include destruction of objects, striking or throwing objects near the victim, or harm to pets. Sexual violence and incest

Sexual violence and incest are divided into three categories: 1.use of physical force to compel a person to engage in a sexual act against his or her will, whether or not the act is completed; 2.attempted or completed sex act involving a person who is unable to understand the nature or condition of the act, unable to decline participation, or unable to communicate unwillingness to engage in the sexual act, e.g., because of underage immaturity, illness, disability, or the influence of alcohol or other drugs, or because of intimidation or pressure; and 3.abusive sexual contact.

Emotional abuse
Emotional abuse, also known as psychological or mental abuse, can include humiliating the victim privately or publicly, controlling what the victim can and cannot do, withholding information from the victim, deliberately doing something to make the victim feel diminished or embarrassed, isolating the victim from friends and family, implicitly blackmailing the victim by harming others when the victim expresses independence or happiness, or denying the victim access to money or other basic resources and necessities. Economic abuse

Economic abuse is when the abuser has complete control over the victim's money and other economic resources. Usually, this involves putting the victim on a strict "allowance," withholding money at will and forcing the victim to beg for the money until the abuser gives them some money. It is common for the victim to receive less money as the abuse continues. This also includes (but is not limited to) preventing the victim from finishing education or obtaining employment, or intentionally squandering or misusing communal resources.

FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DOMESTIC ABUSE
1.The first factor that can be attributed to the recent rise in domestic violence cases within the Bahamas is the prevalence of patriarchal ideals. The concept of patriarchy, which states that males are to be ...”regarded as the authority within the family and society...”,(Encarta Dictionaries) has been deeply embedded into our soils and propelled by religious beliefs. According to a 2000 Census, approximately ninety-six percent of Bahamians report to be of Christian faith; this suggests that a great number of families are guided by principles built on a foundation of Judaism-based patriarchy (Global Edge). Furthermore, our grandparents and great-grandparents have passed along to us the view that men are to stand as the “head of the household” and have even regarded certain male political figures as “Father of the Nation”. Accordingly, it is expected that the father figure be the leader, and thus the authority on all matters within the home. This is usually manifest in clear cut gender roles, whereas the female's “duty” is to assume cooking, laundry, caring for the children, and other household chores, whereas the male is the family breadwinner and...
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