1. What was special about her?
Dolly the sheep was the first clone which was cloned by enucleating a cell. 2. Why was it such a 'big deal' at the time?
Dolly was the first living mammal to be cloned.
3. How did the Scientists manage to accomplish this?
Dolly had a few mothers each of them provided eggs, DNA and the cloned embryo. She was created by using the technique of somatic cell nuclear transfer. 4. What does GMO mean?
Genetically Modified Organisms
5. List 6 GMO everyday items
6. How do the scientists go about making fruit GMO
Scientists created it, using biotechnology to change its genetic material. A variety of techniques are used to introduce the desired genes. 7. What may you want to make GMO?
I would want to make a clone of myself that is smart and is a good cleaner, so it can do all of my school work and clean my room. 8. Have a think about everyday life, knowing what you now do about Dolly and GMO what may this mean for our future? It means that we can use technology to invent, improve and create things that could be beneficial to our everyday life. 9. My cousin Betty is confused about the structure of DNA, please explain this to her. DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The basic units for DNA are called the nucleotides. Nucleotides are made up of three parts Phosphate molecule, Nitrogen bases and sugar. DNA looks like a twisted ladder or a double helix. It is made up of two parts Nitrogen bases and the sugar phosphate backbone. There are four different types of nitrogen bases in DNA which are Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine and Guanine.