In this experiment I aim to find out if caffeine has an affect on heart rate. Instead of using human subject, whom may already have a high tolerance to caffeine or could have ingested caffeine that day making the tests unfair, I will use Daphnia, a crustacean. They have on contact with caffeine making it fair. It will be easier to observe as it has a translucent body, making it able to see the heart beating under a microscope. It will be a "blind study" to avoid bias results, so everyone will be unaware what the solution consists of.
The purpose of my experiment was to determine how caffeine affected the heart rate of Daphnia.
I believe that a Daphnia subjected to a caffeine solution will show a rise in heart rate, this rise in heart rate should reflect the concentration of caffeine in a given solution. My theory can be backed up well, as caffeine is a stimulant that speeds up the body affecting the nervous system and rate in which the nerve pulses are sent and received in humans.
6 Cavity slides
Paper towels or filter paper
Place a few strand of cotton wool onto the cavity slide, this will help restrict the movement of the Daphnia making it easier to see under the microscope. Using a pipette place a daphnia on the cotton wool. The microscope should not be on a high power and will be centred on the heart. The first test on the heart rate will be done with just the pond water in which they live, so we have a set of results that can compare to when they are intoxicated by the caffeine. The heart rate will be recorded at intervals of 2 minutes over a 10-minute period, give five sets of results that can be averaged. Using a stop watch the number of heart beats will be recorded, we shall perform this...