Directions: Using information from the documents provided, and your knowledge of United States history, write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
Historical Context: After the Civil War, the United States became a much more industrialized society. Between 1865 and 1920, industrialization improved American life in many ways. However, industrialization also created problems for American society. Task:
Using information from the documents and your knowledge of United States history, write an essay in which you: Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of industrialization to American society between 1865 and 1920. In your essay, include a discussion of how industrialization affected different groups in American society.
Guidelines: Be sure to: • • • • • • Address all aspects of the Task by accurately analyzing and interpreting at least four documents Incorporate information from the documents in the body of the essay Incorporate relevant outside information throughout the essay Richly support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details Write a well-developed essay that consistently demonstrates a logical and clear plan of organization Introduce the theme by establishing a framework that is beyond a simple restatement of the Task or Historical Context and conclude the essay with a summation of the theme
Part IIIB Document-Based Essay Specific Rubric
Title: Industrialization of American Society 1865-1920
Advantages of Industrialization
Disadvantages of Industrialization
How industrialization affected different groups child labor (1,4) farmer (1) need for and goals of labor union (2) female labor (4) poor lifestyle of working people (3, 5) rich businessmen (5, 6, 7) lifestyle of the rich (5,7)
increase in GNP (1) increased urbanization (1) decreased infant mortality rate (1) more high school graduates (1) more telephone usage (1) increase in steel production (1) industrial combinations have benefits to consumers, stockholders and laborers (6) big businessmen acquire wealth which can be used for philanthropy (7)
child labor (1) need for protection of wage-worker and conditions (2) poor living conditions in industrial society (3) poor working conditions in a sweatshop (4) implications that industrial combinations hurt "competitors" (6)
5 • Thoroughly discusses the following three tasks for the time period 1865-1920 (1) at least two advantages of industrialization (see above chart) (2) at least two disadvantages of industrialization (see above chart) (3) how two or more specific groups were affected by industrialization (see above chart) examples of how groups were affected: working people/labor – low pay, unsafe working conditions – need for labor unions to protect them – need for laws prohibiting unsafe working conditions child labor – lack of education – mistreatment – unsafe working conditions Note: The discussion of how industrialization affected different groups in American society can extend beyond the time period 1865-1920 as long as the examples used have their origins within this time period. • Discussion includes accurate interpretation of at least four of the documents (see above chart) • Incorporates information from the documents in the body of the essay • Incorporates relevant outside information possible examples: - names of specific labor unions, such as the American Federation of labor (AFL) - names of relevant Supreme Court cases such as Northern Securities Co. v. U.S., and Lochner v. NY - effects of new machinery/technology - building skyscrapers, bridges, battleships - names of types of specific trusts and monopolies such as J.D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust and/or horizontal and vertical combinations • Richly supports the theme with the use of many relevant facts, specific examples and details • Is a well-developed essay, consistently demonstrating a logical and clear...