Doctrine of Faith in Islam
“Islam is the Qur’anically revealed name of the monotheistic religion founded in Arabia” by Prophet Muhammad who was the last prophet to be sent by God and therefore his duty was to direct all of mankind for all time since no Prophet shall follow him (Corrigan 134). A Muslim is one who accepts witness to God’s unity and the Prophethood of Muhammed. This is known as the Shahada: La illah illa Allah, Muhammed rasul Allah, which is the essential declaration of Islamic faith. Faith is belief and action. A faithful Muslim's belief is embedded in a profound assurance and sincerity towards his God (Creator) in obeying and worshiping Him and sets the route of his life, behavior and thought based on Islam. “Doctrines come under the category of faith, know in Arabic as iman” (Corrigan 134). In this essay I am going to discuss the importance of these doctrines of iman, that are counted as five: belief in the oneness of Allah, belief in angels, belief in Prophets and books of revelation , belief in the Day of Judgment and belief in Divine Decree and Predestination. The core out of which everything is derived in Islam is the unity of God, referred to as tawhid. The following short Surah (chapter) from the Qur’an expresses the divine unity: "Say (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)): He is Allah, (the) One; Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks); He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him” (112). God is not born as well as He does not give birth. God is above all our concepts and language. God has no partners and to associate any partner with God is known as shirk; idolatry. It is in the Qur’an (the Holy Book of Islam) that Shirk is that sin that can never be forgiven. But if the person repents and does good deeds, God forgives Him, for he is “most Forgiving”. The Qur’an contains many descriptions of God’s personal nature and the way God acts such as God’s eyes: “And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration” (11:37), God’s face: “And to Allâh belong the east and the west, so wherever you turn yourselves or your faces there is the Face of Allâh” (2:115) and that God sits on a throne: “…the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission?....And He is the Most High, the Most Great” (The Noble Qur’an 2:255). How can we catch any glimpses of what God is like? There are ninety-nine names by which God is called in the Qur’an and Hadith and they show many actions and attributes of God. Al-Qadir meaning “the Mighty”; God has full power over our life and death. Al-Sami’and Al-Basir meaning “The All-Hearing” and “The All Seeing One”; God knows everyone’s secrets and whatever they are doing in each moment of their life. An-Nur meaning “The Light”, which is comparing God to the most glorious element in creation. Ar-Rahman meaning “The Compassionate”, God “gives blessings and prosperity to all beings without any disparity” (Siddiqi 27). These beautiful names stress both the gentle and the terrific features of the deity. The second doctrine of faith is belief in the existence of God’s angels, who are the honored servants of God: “But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you” (The Noble Qur’an 82:10). They were created from light before humans were created. Unlike humans, they do not eat or reproduce and do what they are ask by God without questioning, cannot choose between good and evil. One can say they are like a link between God and the human world. “No precise numbers of angels is listed, but every person has two of them sitting on our right and left shoulders” (Morgan 14). They record every single thing a Muslim does, the good and the bad. Adding on to angels is the belief in jinns,...
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