August 2, 2010
Doctors without Borders: A Study of Diseases Business Research Methods, Part I
Doctors Without Borders is an International medical organization that provides emergency and surgical care to people in countries or situations where healthcare is generally not accessible. When one considers that this organization is primarily operating with volunteers and donated funds, one would expect funds could be misallocated. To better determine what problem is affecting the organization, this team of scholarly researchers will attempt to explain how the Management-Question Research Hierarchy helps one to determine a specific question to research, identify a specific problem to research, choose a research design, and describe the sample design. Management Question Research Hierarchy
Developing a research question to study can be difficult. The Management Question Research Hierarchy (MQRH) model “is designed to move the researcher through various levels of question, each with a specific function within the overall business research process” (Cooper and Schindler, 2008, p. 114). The specific research question is generally discovered during the exploratory phase of research.
Using the MQRH model in addition to the exploratory phase should result in a “revision of the management or research questions” (Cooper and Schindler, 2008, p. 124). Once the researcher has developed a specific research question, he or she can then begin specific research to avoid a loss of time and funds for the research. In determining the research question for Doctor’s Without Borders (DWB), the research team asked the questions found in Appendix B to develop the specific research question that follows.
Research Question and Problem Identification
After completing the steps in the MRQH model, the team developed the following research question: From the funds obtained how are they allocated within Sudan for administering medical care? Based on the exploratory research, the team also identified that the main problem affecting the organization is that funds are not being properly allocated to the appropriate diseases. The reason for the misallocation of funds seems to stem from the variables affecting the country’s economy. In addition to disease, kidnapping and wartime are the other variables affecting funding and cannot be ignored during the study. Wartime is a moderating variable because “it has some significant contributory effect on the proposed relationship” (Purdue University, 2010, slide 12, 13, and 14). Kidnapping is an intervening variable because “it cannot be measured, observed, or manipulated (spurious)” (Slide 12, 13, and 14). Research Design
The research design is “the blueprint for fulfilling objectives and answering questions” (Cooper and Schindler, 2008, p. 89). Based on the research question, the diagram found in Appendix A portrays the variables to consider, which include kidnapping, disease, wartime, and funding. As portrayed in the diagram, the funding is the dependent variable and the diseases are the independent variable. The amount of funding needed in Sudan depends on the types of diseases. Funding for Sudan is primarily from the United States, and because DWB is based out of England the operational data will be in Euros. Next a sample design will be created for further planning.
A sample is a portion or part of the population of interest (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2008). To collect the data needed for the research, the team determined a simple random sample would be the best option. A random sample is the most common form of sampling. A random sample ensures that all variables have an equal chance of being included in the sample. Randomly selecting numbers from a data sheet is an effective way to create a sample because this method saves time, money, is...