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  • Topic: Philippines, Corazon Aquino, Ferdinand Marcos
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  • Published : January 10, 2013
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Angelica Oliveros
HR501A

Achievements of  the following Administration:
The Magsaysay Administration
There was notable economic progress under the Quirino Administration. The country had also strengthened its diplomatic relations with other countries. The Huk movement was on the decline. Despite these achievements, however, graft and corruption remained a problem. President Quirino ran for reelection on November 8, 1953. He lost to Ramon Magsaysay, his former Secretary of National Defense. Apparently, his failure to curb graft and corruption prompted the people to vote for a younger and more dynamic president. President Magsaysay wanted to improve life in the barrio. Thousands of kilometers of feeders roads connecting the barrio was launched to provide potable drinking water for the barrio folks. Irrigation dams and canals were constructed to provide adequate water supply to agricultural lands. School houses and health centers were built to promote the education of the youth and maintain the health of the people. Ramon Magsaysay was a popular President. He was the idol of the masses, the friend of the common people.l He mingled, talked and ate with the barrio people. He loved to speak the Filipino language and to wear the   barong Tagalog even on state functions. So simple were his ways, so honest and sincere were his dealings with the people, so loyal and dedicated were his service to the Filipino people that many shed tears when he died in a plane crash on March 17, 1957 at Mt. Manungal , Cebu.

The Garcia Administration
On March 18, 1957, the day after Magsaysay’s death, Vice President Carlos P. Garcia took his oath as President of the Philippine Republic. He served the unexpired term of his predecessor. In the presidential election of November 12, 1957 Carlos Garcia won over his rivals Jose Yulo, Manuel Manahan, Claro M. Recto and Antonio Quirino. His running mate, Jose B. Laurel, however, lost to Diosdado Macapagal. This was the first time that the elected president and the vice president did not come from the same political party. Garcia was the candidate of the Nacionalista Party while Macapagal belonged to the Liberal Party. President Garcia’s administration was anchored on three basic policies. These were Austerity, Filipino First Policy and Cultural Revival.

The Diosdado Macapagal Administration
(September 28, 1910). He defeated Garcia in the presidential elections of November 14, 1961.  Mapacagal – who styled himself as the “poor boy” from Lubao (Pampanga) – completed pre-law and Associate in Arts at UP; however, he was a law graduate of the University of Santo Tomas. He was the topnotcher of the Bar examinations in 1935. He then entered into a private law practice, teaching law at the side. In 1946, he was appointed Chief of the Legal Division of the Department of Foreign Affairs and was eventually sent to the Philippine Embassy in Washington as Second Secretary.  In 1949, he was elected as the congressman of the first district of Pampanga and reelected in 1953. In 1958, he was elected as Vice President of the Philippines.  Macapagal’s administration (1961 - 1965) is best remembered for resetting the date of the celebration of Philippine Independence Day – from July 4 when the U.S. turned over the reins of government in 1946 to the more correct date of June 12 when Aguinaldo declared independence in 1898. This single act overshadowed the other distinguishing features of his administration, namely: the promotion of the stability of the Philippine currency; the initiation of a socioeconomic program aimed at the betterment of the poor; efforts to combat misdeeds in government, and the launching of his version of agrarian reform. 

The Ferdinand E. Marcos Administration
 (September 11, 1917 - September 28, 1989). He defeated Macapagal in the 1965 presidential elections. And the two-decade era of Marcos (1965 - 1986) began.  Marcos was born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte. He was a consistent scholar, took up...
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