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Do Bigha Zamin- Nation as it is imagined.
Word count : 523
16th August 2013
Do Bigha Zamin is one of those very early 1950’s movies which laid the foundations of Indian Neorealism and the “Indian New Wave”.1The film talks about a peasant Shambhu, his wife Paro and their son. The family owns 2 bigha land which is under the threat of being overtaken by a landlord because of their failure to return their debts. The movie starts with the farmer’s parched land and ends with the scene showing the separation of Shambhu and his family from the land through a fence. The scene according to me has a very metaphorical meaning showing the audience that while a parched land can be made into a green field again, a lost land has no significance to the farmer. The importance of land to the farmer is also elucidated by the dialogues Shambhu says like: “Zameen toh kisaan ki maa hai, huzoor maa ko kaise bech doon?” The reply to this dialogue by the landowner saying, “Mill bananey se Zameen ‘maa’ se ‘baap’ ban jayegi”, tells us that patriarchy was very dominant in that period and that industry was booming under the Nehruvian Era. The film portrays the village as a place where sustenance is difficult and the city as a place for salvation. However, Bimal Roy did not forget to represent the brutality of the city and its callousness. The film imagines a country which is morally strong which believes in...
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