When pouches called diverticula form on the wall of the colon become inflamed it becomes diverticulitis a very pain disease no one is sure what causes diverticulitis for sure, but doctors believe a low fiber diet may be a leading cause behind it. The treatments depend on if you have an infection and how bad your symptoms are which will typically be treated with antibiotics. Diverticulitis is a disease that affects the colon, doctors do not have a specific cause for the pea sized pouches. Diverticulitis was not very known 100 years ago due to the low percent of people contracting the disease. There are many more cases of diverticulitis then there was at any other point of history. The reason more and more people and starting to get diverticulitis is that; people now eat too much processed foods. The bowels work at a high volume and a low pressure. Processed foods have a very low volume and therefore require a high pressure to excrete the feces. The higher pressure from pushing can damage your colon, and anus. Eliminating waste should be easy for the body, not a high pressure challenge. When the feces is moving through the intestinal wall and there is a high amount of pressure the walls begin to get pressed upon by the feces. When the feces begins to press on the folds of the intestinal wall they become stuck inside the folds,and push out and hemorrhage the walls causing small papules, in which become inflamed and infected with a lot of bacteria becoming diverticulitis. Diverticulitis is found in 50-70% of people aged 80 years and older and 80% of the people with diverticulitis are age 50. Diverticulitis is not usually found in people younger than 40, Africans, and Asians. The most common regions diverticulitis affects is U.S.A., Europe, and Australia. Ages 50, obesity, and people with fiber diets are higher risk than other people to develop diverticulitis. In elder adults the muscular wall of the intestine becomes thicker which leads to increase pressure inside the intestine. The lack of fiber makes the stools hard which makes the patient have to push harder increasing the pressure inside the colon. Most patients are able to pass diverticulitis with conservative therapy but 15-30% are required to have surgery to relieve them of it. Surgical treatment has high risks of mortality, so a conservative therapy treatment for the elderly should be implemented if possible. Pain begins to manifest usually in the lower left quadrant. Other symptoms include bloating, constipation, distention of the abdomen, or rectal bleeding. Asian patients will usually have the pain on their lower right quadrant. Diverticulitis is usually found when the doctor is looking for something else. A full colonoscopy may be needed in order to fully diagnose diverticulitis. Diverticulitis is a disease in which feces becomes trapped in pouches; which become inflamed, and infested with bacteria. Diverticulitis may be acute or chronic with the acute form popping up and being heavily inflamed and then disappearing. The chronic form of diverticulitis may subside with the symptoms, but may not fully clear out of the colon; leaving some feces trapped in the pouches which will eventually flare up again. The inflammation may lead to a serious bowel obstruction, which is manifested by constipation, diarrhea, abdominal distention, and abdominal pain. If the obstruction is failed to be treated even more serious problems may arise. The abdominal pain, and distention of bowels will increase with nausea and vomiting following. Untreated obstruction will eventually require surgery if not delt with early, and the surgery may be extensive. In some cases abscesses form around the infected sacks; which can eventually pass through the intestinal wall causing peritonitis. Peritonitis is a potentially lethal infection that needs urgent care. Sometimes with the healing of the peritonitis a fistula can occur from...
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