Answer each question in 50 to 150 words. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
1. What is diversity? Why is diversity valued?
The term “diversity” is used broadly to refer to many demographic variables, including, but not limited to, race, religion, color, gender, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, education, geographic origin, and skill characteristics. America’s diversity has given this country its unique strength, resilience and richness. Diversity can create new ideas and changes that can be beneficial to a society, or even the world. (www.doi.gov)
2. What is ethnocentrism? In what ways can ethnocentrism be detrimental to a society? Ethnocentrism is a general belief or tendency to favor one’s own ethnic or cultural group over all others. An ethnocentric person believes their own group is centrally important and that the worth of others is measured in relation to theirs. The ethnocentric perspective can lead to a positive group identity, which in turn enhances one’s affiliation with others within the same group, personal identity, confidence, self-esteem, understanding of self, and a psychological sense of well-being. It would be wrong, therefore, to automatically assume any form of ethnocentrism as having negative effects on society. The negative effects do clearly exist, although the highly excessive forms of ethnocentrism prevalent in the early twentieth century are not equally relevant today. (www.ask.com)
3. Define emigration and immigration.
Emigration is the movement of individuals or their disseminules out of a population or population area. Immigration is the movement of non-native people into a country in order to settle there. (www.dictionary.reference.com)
4. What are some of the ways groups of people are identified? There are four ways a group of people can be identified and they are race, ethnicity, religion...