which type of government is most ideal. But perhaps no one ideology is correct. Countries that
have different cultures, histories, and governments can all be economically successful. This can
be seen by looking at the United States, Egypt, and China. The differences in these countries are
immense- from the number of political parties, to how much control the government has or even
how it is set up. However, even with their differing systems they all have one thing in common:
all three have posted positive economic growth over the last few years in, for the most part,
stable national political climates.
The United States has had a very stable political system since the nation declared it’s
independence in on July 4th, 1776. The nation’s government is a constitution-based federal
republic representing a population of over 313 million citizens (CIA). There are a plethora
of political parties that represent the wide ranging views of the nation’s citizens. The most
prominent political parties are the Democratic, Green, Libertarian and Republican parties (CIA).
Transfer of power in the United States has always been peaceful, even when transitioning
between two opposing parties in a widely disputed election as was the case in the 2000
presidential election. The executive branch of the United States includes the President, who is
the head of state, as well as the Vice President. The President and Vice President are both elected
together on the same ticket by a college of electors who are directly elected by each state. The
President and Vice President serve a term of 4 years and can serve a maximum of 2 terms. The
Legislative branch is a bicameral system consisting of the Senate, housing 100 seats, and the
House of Representatives, which houses 435 seats. Members of the Senate and the House of
Representatives are directly elected via popular vote and serve 6 and 2 year terms, respectively.
The United States’ Judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court, United States Courts of
Appeal, United States District Courts, and State and County Courts (CIA). This political system,
although slightly modified over the young nation’s lifetime, has proven to be a stable system.
The modern day government of China, although much younger than the United
States, has also had a consistent political system. Since establishment of the communist
government in 1949, the population of China has more than doubled to over 1.3 billion citizens
which is more than 4 times the population of the United States. Although, there are multiple
registered political parties that are part of the political system, the Chinese government is
effectively a single party system under control of the Communist Party of China, or the CPC
(CIA). Like the United States, transfer of power in China has been a peaceful process, and can be
attributed to the homogenization of political views among Chinese officials. Further, in contrast
to the United States, the number of political parties in China is far fewer than that in the United
States and the few minor parties that do exist are under CPC direction. China’s executive branch
includes the president and vice president and premier. In contrast to the United States, the roles
of president and vice president are largely ceremonial and their purposes are to represent the
country in official and ceremonial settings. These chiefs of state are elected by the members of
the country’s legislative branch, known as the National People’s Congress. The title of “premier”
is given to the head of state. The premier is selected by the president for nomination and is
confirmed by the legislative branch. The number of legislators in the National People’s Congress
is 2,987, much greater than the number of legislators in the United States which...