Distinctive Linguistic Features of the Major Functional Styles of English

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STYLES AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE OF READING AND ANALYZING TEXTS

Contents

Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..…3 Chapter One. Theory of Style and Text Significance…………………………….…...6 1.1. Notion of Style……………………………………………………………………..6 1.2. Variety of Texts…………………………………………………………………...14 1.3. Mixed Style Terminology………………………………………………………...16 Chapter Two. Reading and Analyzing Texts…………………………………………19 2.1. Reading and Analyzing Stories by S. Maugham…..…………………………….19 2.1.1. Style Analysis of the story “The Man with the Scar” by S. Maugham……23 2.1.2. Style Analysis of the story “The Luncheon” by S. Maugham…………….24 2.1.3. Style Analysis of the story “A Friend in Need” by S. Maugham………….26 2.2. Reading and Analyzing B. Obama’s Speeches…………………………….…….31 2.2.1. Style Analysis of B. Obama’s Inauguration Speech ……………………...32 2.2.2. Style Analysis of Obama’s Presidential Victory Speech…………………..35 2.3. Differences and Similarities in Fiction and Non-fiction Styles…………………39 Conclusions……………………………………………………………………….……41 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………….…..43 Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Introduction

The theme of the presented annual project is Styles and Their Significance of Reading and Analyzing Texts. The actuality of the theme lies in the fact that without reading and analyzing different types of texts the reader cannot understand and penetrate into the world of the writer entirely, the reader cannot understand the style of the writer and its attitude toward the personages and the word. One of the main problems of the modern research in literature and stylistics is studying the nature and functions of separate types of styles of writing and texts with different terminology. The present annual project is dedicated to the investigation of reading and analyzing texts with different terminology, and namely the speeches of Barak Obama, and the short stories written by W. S. Maugham from the literary point of view and from the point of view of stylistics of such types of texts. The history of studying the style of the text goes back to ancient times, which took away an important place in literature. Problems of the style, literature and terminology through the prism of the terminology and stylistics, problem of formation of texts with different terminology and analysis of the texts with mixed terminology, functioning of the literary and non-literary texts, problems of implementation of style in the literature, were investigated by many researches: Galperin I. R., Weber J. J., Simpson P., Kozhina M. N., Enkvist. M., and others. We will try to give a detailed explanation of what is an analysis of a literary and non-literary text, how it is presented in the stories written by William Somerset Maugham and in Barak Obama’s speeches, what their differences and similarities are. In spite of the fact that there are many researches in this problematic subject-matter, few of them are dedicated to the problem of difference and similarity of the literary and non-literary texts written by W. S. Maugham and Barak Obama’s speeches. The aspect of the two forms of writing of these two types of styles is not studied sufficiently. The problem how the style of Barak Obama’s speeches and the stories written by W. S. Maugham differs from each other has not been solved yet. In the work presented, the attention will be given first of all to the style of reading and analyzing texts as a whole, to the consideration of usage of such texts in Barak Obama’s speeches and W. S. Maugham short stories, and their differences. Despite the fact that there are many works dedicated to the problem of style, some important aspects have not been fully investigated. We are presenting the investigation of the style of reading and analyzing...
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