Distillation, one of the most significant method for separating a liquid mixture and its components, is a process that relies on differences by the ease of vaporization of the components. The purpose of this process is either the separation of a mixture of volatile components from nonvolatile materials is carried out by a simple distillation in which the material is placed to distill and heated, the vapor from the substance is removed and condensed. In this activity, we tend to separate ethanol with water. Simple distillation is employed in this process.
Keywords: Distillation, Simple distillation, vaporization, volatile and nonvolatile materials
Dissolved materials in a liquid may make it
and its vapor passes through a condenser
unsuitable for a particular purpose. Water and
where it condenses and back into its liquid state.
other liquids may be separated from such
Though simple distillation an be applied to a
impurities by the process of distillation. In
mixtures of volatile components, the separation
purifying a liquid, distillation takes advantage of
between the components have the same or
the fact that the addition of heat to a liquid
close boiling point levels. To get the greater
speeds up its rate of evaporation which is a
separations in such components, fractional
endothermic change. Cooling a vapor favors its
distillation is involved. In this procedure, the
condensation which is an exothermic change. In
vapor produced is brought into a contact with a
simple distillation, the liquid mixture is heated on
portion of the condensate in a countercurrent or
a apparatus wherein the most volatile
stepwise countercurrent system. The separation
component vaporizes at the lowest temperature
obtainable by such a system is much greater
MALLORCA, MARIANNE MAE F.
BS BIO 1-3
than that of a simple distillation, it depends on...