I. What is dissociation?
* Can be defined as a condition that involves disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity or perception.
* What causes dissociative disorder?
* Psychological trauma
* Sexual abuse
* Stressful events
* What are the effects of a dissociative disorder?
* Automatic switching of personalities during moments of stress * Losing time, or dissociative amnesia
* Creates a chaotic life for the original personality
* Different types of dissociative disorder
* The Four dissociative disorders listed in the DSM IV are as follows:
* Dissociative Amnesia
* Dissociative Fugue
* Depersonalization Disorder
* Dissociative Identity Disorder
* What is Dissociative Amnesia?
* (Formerly Psychogenic Amnesia). The inability to recall important personal information and events that is not due to ordinarily forgetfulness.
* What causes DA?
* Emotional Trauma
* Sexual Abuse
* War and natural disaster
* What are the symptoms of DA?
* Inability to remember certain memories
* Inability to remember personal information
* Unexplained, persistent confusion
* Cognitive Therapy
* What is Dissociative Fugue?
* (Formerly Psychogenic Fugue) Pronounce as “Fyoog”, derived from the French word for “flight”. * Memory loss accompanied be leaving home and establishing a new identity.
* Causes of DF
* After Experience severe stress such as:
* Marital quarrels
* Personal rejection
* Financial or occupational difficulties
* War service or a natural disaster
* What are the Symptoms of DF?
* Sudden and unpleasant travel away from home
* Inability to recall past events or important information from the person’s life.
* Confusion or loss of memory about his/her identity, possibly assuming a new identity to make up for the loss.
* Extreme distress and problems with daily functioning (due to the fugue episodes).
* Cognitive Therapy
* Family Therapy
* Creative Therapies( art therapy, music therapy)
* Clinical hypnosis
What is depersonalization disorder?
* Depersonalization disorder is marked by periods of feeling disconnected or detached from one’s body and thoughts (depersonalization). * The disorder is sometimes described as feeling like you are observing yourself from outside your body or like being in a dream. * People with this disorder do not lose contact with reality; they realize that things are not as they appear. * An episode of depersonalization can last anywhere from a few minutes to many years. Depersonalization also might be a symptom of other disorders, including brain disease and seizure disorders. What causes depersonalization disorder?
Little is known about the causes of depersonalization disorder, but biological and environmental factors might play a role. Like other dissociative disorders, depersonalization disorder often is triggered by intense stress or a traumatic event such as war, abuse, accidents, disasters, or extreme violence that the person has experienced or witnessed.
What are the symptoms of depersonalization disorder?
Depersonalization Disorder symptoms include:
* Continuous or recurring feelings that you’re an outside observer of your thoughts, your body or parts of your body.
* Numbing of your senses or responses to the world around you
* Feeling like a robot of feeling like you’re in a dream or in a movie
* The sensation that you aren’t control of your actions,...