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A critical reflection on the Bahraini revolution

By Zahra Abbas
Contents page

Acknowledgments1

- Background
- Introduction
- Literature Review
- Methodology
- Method
- Applying Methods

- Data analysis
-Media Representations
-Political and Economical Relations
-Foreign Relations
-Causes and Consequences

- Conclusion
- Appendices
- Bibliography

Acknowledgments

Firstly I would like to thank Sayed Ahmed, for providing me with the contact details of some of my participants, also, the Bahraini poet, Taher Adel for his participation in this project; he has been an inspiration to myself and many others. I have always wanted to directly speak or meet Maryam Alkhawaja, I think I can say this on behalf of many, that her respectable family have been a symbol of dignity and freedom, and so I would like to thank her for giving me the time to interview her. I appreciate that my kind participants, Suhail Algosaibi, Abbas Busafwan, Dominic Kavakeb and Mohammed Sadiq, despite their busy schedules, have helped me gather the information I need by answering my questions. To all those who have supported me, in particular, Yasmin Gunaratnam, who advised me during the process of my research, I thank you once again. And finally, I hope this goes out to reach and raise awareness on the Bahraini situation.

Justice will prevail.

Background

Bahrain; which means two seas, is a small state in the Gulf. Known to be the smallest amongst it’s neighbors, Saudi and Qatar and for its potential oil and gas rich. Population is about 1,234,571 (46% citizens, 54% foreign residents), dominated by the Shia faith, and although the government are of the Sunni minority, they are prominent in the region. Bahrain is a member of the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) in collaboration with UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and Kuwait. Many thousand of foreigners are employed in the military and security services of Bahrain. Political problems have been at a common reoccurrence theme in the region, effectively controlled by Britain up until 1971, when (the present) ruling family of Al khalifa invaded from Qatar. Fuad Khuri (1981), remarks that “wars between Al Khalifa claimants did more damage to bahrain society and economy than did the invasions of their enemies.” Alkhalifa has a history of launching attacks on different areas in Bahrain to take over land with the help of Qatar Amirs. In 20th century, oil become a key energy especially with Bahraini allies. 2011 has been a turmoil for Bahrain, a year on since the crackdown of pearl square, inspired by the revolutions in the Middle East, Bahrainis are still struggling to gain their basic human rights. The Bahrain monarchy and opposition leaders have pushed to negotiate and exchange dialogue in attempt to meet the peoples needs, however reformations has not been implemented and the regime has used force. From a...
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