Dissertation, Alcohol Abuse

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Dissertation
Alcohol Abuse

Carolien Wesselink
76121
Table of Contents
Introduction
- Background3
- Statement of the Problem4
- Objectives of dissertation research5
- Specific research questions5
- Assumptions and limitations6
- Definition of Terms7
Literature Review
- Alcohol Policy: Political Statements8
- Alcohol Policy: The preventive Approach9
- Influences on Behavior11
- Alcohol Trends13
- Conceptual Framework14
Methodology
- Brief overview16
- Research Design16
- Methods for data collection16
- Data Analysis17
- Appendices (Survey, Interview)18
Analysis
-Introduction20
-Analysis of Survey20
-Analysis of Interview’s21
-Discussion25
Conclusion28
References29

Introduction
Background
The use of alcohol beverages goes a long time back. It is known that at least 6000 B.C. the first alcohol was consumed. In Ancient Greece wine was very popular, however alcohol was expensive and people did not consume a lot. This stayed this way until after the Middle Ages. The wines made at that time had a low alcohol percentage and putrefied very quickly. In the late Middle Ages the Arabic’s came to The Netherlands and brought their distillation techniques. With these techniques alcoholic beverages became more and more popular. Due to the fact that alcoholic beverages were still expensive they were not available for large groups. This changed in the 17th century. It was discovered that strong liquor could be made from corn and beets. These commodities were a lot cheaper and so the price of alcohol decreased, therefore alcoholic beverages became available for everybody. This did not mean that the alcohol consumption was rising due to the fact that the use of alcohol was still somehow luxurious. This changed between 1960 and 1990 when a growing group of people earned more money, so all prices of different products were rising but the price of alcohol stayed low. Little by little alcohol became a normal beverage to consume. Also in these times it was not weird anymore that man as well as women drank alcohol. In 1992 the average per person who drank were almost 1000 glasses per year. Over 650,000 people drank every day on average more than 8 glasses per day. The use of alcohol had a lot of consequences on society and human behavior. In the Middle Ages there were already certain restrictions against drinking abuse. From the 18th century on more people could get access to alcohol and alcohol abuse became a bigger and bigger problem. On the 7th of October 1964 the Dutch government decided to implement a reducing alcohol policy. In this policy was stated that only the forms of alcohol abuse that were a direct danger for the environment or user are legally punishable. This particular alcohol policy was called the ‘Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act’. Moreover there are many more restrictions regarding alcohol use and abuse. In the ‘Criminal Code’ are stated various articles in which problems like public drunkenness, order disturbance and the threatening of other peoples security come up. Also the ‘Controlled Substances Act’ (CSA) which was issued in 1970, is of great importance. In this act the government stated that driving under influence is punishable but at the same time it is also a violation of the law. The CSA does not only speak of drivers of cars, but also a cyclist or a horse rider are punishable, as well as steering a ship or airplane. Furthermore in Acts of Parliament are stated some specific laws for hospitality industry related companies. Within the ‘ALCA – Act’ of 1964, several restrictions and regulations are admitted. The policy is there for people who are professionally serving alcohol or who distill alcohol. To do so, the owner of a hospitality industry related company who would like to serve alcohol has to meet...
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