Disparity of Wages Between Men and Women

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Is there a disparity of wages between men and women while performing identical work at the same place of employment? Are men really paid more for the same quantity, quality, and type of work performed? While this has been a much-debated topic over the years, I believe that the real question may be located in the data itself. I feel that the differences are statistically minimal, when you take into account, the many factors that determine an individual’s wages. Some of these factors would be length of service, years of study or experience, willingness to relocate, and choice of field. Many of the statistics involved on this topic will show that men do earn more than women do, but they do not include the factors I have already mentioned. When we look at the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics for 2007, the latest year that data is available, it shows that women make about 80% of what men make. (United) This figure demonstrates the percentage of average pay per week. This figure does not show the age of the employee or the number of hours worked by men or women. Studies have shown that women are more prone to accept part time jobs rather than men. Nearly 25% of all female workers are classified as part time, meaning less than 35 hours of work per week. Most people would agree that part time jobs do not carry the same wage levels that full time jobs do. Only 10% of all male employees are classified as part time. Men are more likely to accept overtime hours and women are more likely to decline overtime. This could explain a large portion of the disparity in wages. (United) Men tend to gravitate towards occupations that command higher pay than do women. Examples of these types of jobs are construction, hazardous duty, engineering, and natural science fields. Women more commonly choose occupations in nursing, human resources, and education, which are lower paying fields. (Fogg, Piper) Warren Farrell, author of, Why Men Earn More, discovered that in the 1980’s,...
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