The eight Millennium Development Goals are:
1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger:
MDG is trying to cut the number of people living off $1 in half. Overall poverty rates fell from 46% in 1990 to 27% in 2005 in developing regions, and progress in many developing countries is being sustained.
2. Achieve universal primary education:
MDG is trying to increase the number of educated people in the world. They state that they think this goal will not be met anytime soon and it is a long path they must go down to achieve such a goal.
3. Promote gender equality and empower women:
MDG is trying to increase the social and political status of women and give them equal opportunities in developing countries such as India and other developing countries.
4. Reduce child mortality:
MDG is trying to decrease the number of babies dying per 1000 born. So far they have made some progress and brought down the worlds mortality rate by 28% but are saying that it is not falling fast enough and they need to make changes to help it to fall faster.
5. Improve maternal health:
MDG is trying to decrease the number of maternal deaths as the number is “unacceptably high.” More than 350,000 women die annually from complications during pregnancy or childbirth, 99% in developing countries.
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases:
MDG is trying to decrease the number of deaths related to these diseases. Every day over 7,400 people are infected with HIV and 5,500 die from AIDS related complications. HIV remains the leading cause of death among reproductive-age women worldwide. Malaria kills a child in the world every 45 seconds. Close to 90% of malaria related deaths occur in Africa where it accounts for a fifth of child mortality.
7. Ensure environmental sustainability:
MDG is trying to encourage sustainable development. Official development assistance stands at 0.31% of the combined national income...