Disparities in education provision are a negation of some children’s legitimate rights. According to Article 20 of the Namibian Constitution (2007) primary education is compulsory and provided for free. In fact, Education is a basic human right under the constitutional laws of most countries and every child should be able to enjoy this right. The course of life of every individual is chartered at primary levels of education and development, in other words, this is where the future is determined. In the construction industry, a building with multi-stories is heavily reinforced with steel at the foundation level in preparation for the weight to follow unlike a single-storied house which is built on concrete only. This is analogous to providing differing standards of education to different groups of children. This can only result in inequalities, leading to privileged and disadvantaged social groups in the same economy. A grave criminal offence would have been committed against the victims of such discrimination, it cascades into another area of their life robbing them of still another further constitutional rights, equity and discrimination (Article 10) which states that all people are supposed to be equal before the law and no person may be discriminated against on the grounds of sex, race, colour, ethnic origin, religion, creed or social or economic status. The reasons that were used in most countries which were occupied by other nations to inequitably provide education to indigenous educational recipients were mostly racial and gender based. But what exactly are these disparities in education provision and how can they negate some children’s rights. To understand this discussion, more meaning needs to be given to the subject of the matter.
Definition of terms.
According to the free online dictionary, disparities are the conditions or facts of being unequal. Provision is the act of supplying, distribution or equipping somebody with something. Education are the activities that provide the knowledge, skills and moral values that we need in the ordinary course of life (Erasmus et al, 2003); it can also be defined as any activity that improves on or develops a person’s knowledge giving them skills, attitudes and behaviours, or the process by which people learn new things and by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills, and values from one generation to another (Wikipedia). In the context of this discussion, negation is the renunciation, refusal or denial of something which was already given. Legitimate rights are a collection of authentic entitlements which a person may have and which are protected by the government and the courts. Therefore this discussion aims to argue the case of supplying children with unequal educational opportunities despite it being a reversal of their legal entitlement. Let us examine in what form this crime is usually perpetrated and its impact. We will also try to suggest some remedies.
Forms of Discrimination.
The colonial effects of most African countries, especially in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are evident in the varying generational literacy levels that were engineered by deliberate discrimination. During white rule, education was provided sparingly to the black people and only a few managed to attain high standards of education. Schools for white communities were equipped with all the necessary resources while black communities did not have enough school facilities to accommodate them. Primary schools were few, secondary schools were even fewer and universities were a fairy tale. Let me use the community I grew up in as an example, there were four primary schools with two classes each level, making it a total of eight classes each grade for the whole community; one secondary school with two classes each level, a total of two classes each form. There was one university in the whole country and it...