February 26, 2012
Disease Trends & the Delivery of Health Care Services
This document will discuss how demographics disease trends affect the delivery of health care. Starting with current age composition of the United States population and how future changes will occur in the next 10 to 20 years. Next will be identifiable factors that support environmental and changing demographic trends. Providing examples of relevant diseases and how the aging trend will increase or decrease health issues and how to reduce health complications because of age. The current rate of obesity will be discussed and how it will change in the next 10 to 20 years. This paper will identify environmental and changing demographics related to the obesity trend; including examples of diseases related to this health issue. Explaining how this trend may increase or decrease health issues and how to reduce health complications. Last this document will discuss the future and how health care services will adapt to provide care for these trends and age-related health issues. The current age composition of the United States population is based on two measures; estimates of the past and projections supported by assumptions on future demographic trends. Estimates gather information on existing data from several sources; whereas, projections assume what the future demographic trends will be. The current United States population is the world’s third largest population of over 311 million people. Over the next two decades the population is projected to estimate over 363 million. This is an increase of 52 million people by year 2030. Immigration is a large part of the growth in the United States population. The aging trend is likely to increase health issues over the next few decades with cardiovascular disease and diabetes. With obesity increasing at a concerning rate this will cause heart disease and diabetes to also increase. Cardiovascular disease is caused by the hardening of the blood vessel walls that lead to the heart. Diet and lack of oxygen is a large contribution to this disease. Hughes, MSN, RN, testifies that there are three unchangeable risk reasons for cardiovascular disease. These factors are age, a male in primary life, and parents who may have a history of heart disease. Nevertheless; Hutter, Jr. MD, discusses that a sum of medications can prevent cardiovascular disease and effective in avoiding heart attacks. One well-known drug aspirin has demonstrated to decrease heart attacks in men plus strokes in women. Statins are other optional class of drugs to prevent heart disease. High levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) can contribute to clogged arteries and provoke the risk of heart attack. Statins lowers the levels of LDL, help to prevent the chances of the beginning of a heart disease, and slow any progress of any existing cardiovascular disease. Moreover; another class of drugs named beta blockers can support the benefits of protecting victims who had a heart attack and control blood pressure along with angina. Hutter, Jr. MD, is certain that cardiovascular disease is preventable by discontinuing smoking, lowering the bad cholesterol, regulate blood pressure, and exercise habitually. Lewis, MD, stresses that curing heart disease came a long way with modern advancement and increased knowledge. Society must adhere to signs and warnings and follow what is recommendable to avoid the adversity of a heart disease. There are two types of diabetes; type one is known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and type two is noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Diabetes type one occurs before age 30, mostly in young children when the immune system attacks and destroys beta cells. This leaves the individual with insufficient insulin to control the blood glucose and results in hyperglycemia of diabetes....