Discuss two or more psychological therapies for phobic disorders
psychological therapies have been the first choice therapy for the treatment of phobic disorder. Supporters of these approaches argue that cognitive behavioural therapies (e.g., REBT) and behavioural therapies (e.g., systematic desensitisation, flooding) are effective, offer long term coping solutions and do not have the problems of side-effects and addiction associated with biological therapies. Ellis Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) based on his theoretical model of howpsychological problems emerge. He cliamed that thinking and emotion are interrelated in acircular cause and effect relationship, in that thinking affects emotion and emotion affectsthinking (Ellis 1958). According to Ellis, when we think rationally, we behave rationally, and as a consequence, we are happy, competent and effective. When we think irrationally, however, the result can be psychological disturbance. Ellis also claimed that distressed people tend to exaggerate or catastrophise events: for example a student who is asked to read in class may develop thoughts such as, ‘everyone’s going to be laughing at me when I speak’. Ellis said that all of these statements are baesd on irrational beliefs or faulty logic. The goal of REBT is to turn irrational though back into rational thought.
Quick and Effective The main strength of Cognitive Behavioural Therapies are that they are quick (relatively) and in many cases effective. Importantly, if the patient is motivated enough it offers long-term strategies for coping. The fact that CBT is fast acting, effective, and is characterised by an absence of side-effects makes it a very appealing therapy for a range of disorders. Cognitive behavioural therapies are now the only form of psychological therapy routinely funded by the NHS in the UK for the treatment of anxiety disorders after a decision by NICE (2004). This decision is contentious, while CBT is undoubtedly effective...
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