Discuss the Role of the ICT (Information Communication Technology) in Implementing the E Government in Zimbabwe

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QUESTION: 1
Discuss the role of the ICT (Information Communication Technology) in implementing the E Government in Zimbabwe.

INTRODUCTION
Our country is experiencing a new industrial and technological revolution which is bringing about a significant, fast and extensive transformation of society and industry. The result of this revolution is that there is now a rapid increase in the processes of production and the transmission of goods and services produced. The ICT revolution is also encouraging new goods and services, changing the nature and organisation of work, replacing materials, resources, energy and land with information and knowledge as the principal factors of production. HISTORY OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) AND E-GOEVRNEMENT The history of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in general and e-government in particular in Zimbabwe, can be traced back to 1972 with the institution of the Central Computing Services (CCS), which was aimed at providing ICT services to the public service. This was then followed with the adoption of the Integrated Results Based Management (IRBM) System in 2005, in which the e-government is an integral component and one of the three important body of the main pillars or cornerstones of the system. Thereafter, following the advent of the Inclusive Government under the Global Political Agreement, a fully fledged Ministry of Information Communication Technology was established with the mandate of promoting the use of ICTs to enhance national competitiveness and socio-economic growth. The development of ICTs is very rapid and this has become very vital in many companies and sectors of Zimbabwe. The National Information Communication Technology (NICT) was launched in 2005. It was mentioned that it is against the background of ICT that the Ministry of Information Communication Technology will be conducting consultative workshops on the review of National ICT policy framework in all provinces of Zimbabwe as from 03 to 30 July 2012. Currently Zimbabwe has an e-government development index ranking of 0.3230 based on the United Nations e-government measurement criteria. The E-government players include both the Government and the private sector. INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT)

Information Communication Technology (ICT) is an umbrella word including any communication devices or application. This encircles the following: radios, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems as well as the various services. Applications associated with them such as videoconferencing and distance learning. Information Communication Technologies (ICT) is often spoken in the context of those of Education, Health and libraries. Now, In this day and age IT is becoming one of the most useful and needed jobs around since everybody is moving on from the olden days into a technology filled world. This brings extra opportunities for people who wanted to do something different. There are two major categories under Information Communication Technology that is the Computer based technologies which are concerned about personal computer or using computers at home or at work, and Digital communication technologies which allow people and organisations to communicate, share documents and information digitally This is new E-science of collecting, storing, and processing and communicating information that has revolutionized service quality in business. It refers to more particularly today to how computers store, process and transmit information through for example, telephone lines, cable and satellite. It covers the convergence of information, computing and telecommunications. ICT has changed telecoms business quality and improved service quality in communication where anyone has access to a telephone/cellphone which has been partnered together with as internet on the same e.g. ADSL from TelOne which has improved the services of business...
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