The Chinese history during Maoism and the Cultural Revolution
In the1949, China’s Communist Party (CCP) and the chairman, Mao Zedong formed the People’s Republic of China (PRC). He led PRC to victory after many long fought battles against their nationalist rivals. The CCP wanted to revolutionise the Chinese old customs. Maoism is effectively Mao Zedong’s thoughts and ideas to guide the ideology of the Chinese Communist Party, the CCP. Maoism was derived from a theory of Marxism and its aim was to unify China as one nation. However this philosophy had a great impact on Chinese history, religiously as well as culturally. Between 1966 and 1976, the people in China wanted to alternate the “Four Olds”: old customs, old culture, old habits and old ideas. Mao’s attempt to reassert his beliefs in China had been challenged by the nationalists; in fact he urged the creation of “Red Guards” to castigate party officials or any other individuals who dared to contest his systematic belief. Mao challenged to overturn established structures of bureaucratic privilege and to challenge old ways of thinking, the Cultural Revolution sought to release the revolutionary potential of a new generation in order to fully realize the promises of the Chinese Revolution. It was, in a sense, the culmination of the political ambitions and ideological aims that had brought Mao and the Chinese Communist Party to power in 1949.
The Cultural Revolution sequenced from 1966 and when Mao died, this has led the country to modernise and leave behind the old, feudalistic concepts. As revealed by Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom in his article “Towards a social history of the Chinese revolution”, the cultural revolution was one of the most dramatic events in the history of People’s Republic of China (PRC), immersed the nation from 1966 to 1976. The Cultural Revolution was a long succession of battles and happenings started by Mao Zedong in the determination to bring the social...
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