Discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using the Subjective Test for Criminal Recklessness, as Used in the Case

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Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using the subjective test for Criminal Recklessness, as used in the case of G and R (2003)

This essay will briefly discuss the meaning of criminal recklessness within the criminal law and the types of recklessness, and see what the current law states today. The essay will examine the advantages and disadvantages of using the subjective test (which is currently known today as Cunningham recklessness) regarding criminal recklessness which was used in the case of Gemmell and Richards (2003) 3 WLR 1060.

Within the criminal law offences require either proof of intention or proof of recklessness as the law is there to punish the people or organisations that end up causing damage or harm by taking reckless and unjustifiable risks, whereby it could result in a crime occurring towards a person or property (Molan, 2001). However, not all crimes will be punished through the criminal law therefore, it has to be decided if the risk they took was justifiable enough and their actions were beneficial socially by taking the risk in the first place. Hospitals have to take justified risks everyday whereby things can go wrong especially within the operating theatre. (Cross, 2010)

Recklessness is a type of Mens Rea (guilty mind) whereby the person takes risks that then leads to an Actus Reus (guilty act) occurring. Subjective and Objective are two types of recklessness that is considered within the criminal law and over time the law on recklessness has developed and changed and then fully evolved itself. Subjective asks if the defendant had foreseen the risks but went ahead and did it anyway which caused the crime as well as taking into consideration their emotional state of mind, the circumstances, as well as the level of their education. Objective with its much wider range in terms of the defendant’s behaviour says they don’t have to foresee the risk they just had to be proved in acting recklessly.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Phone Effect

As time passes by technology is growing faster and move faster. The most important and common part of technology in our life is mobile phone technology. We bring mobile phone with us in everywhere that we go and use it on a daily basis. It is being the part and parcel of our daily life. Mobil phone have been around for quite sometime, but as time goes on, mobile phones continuous to gain many features. A mobile phone started out as simple device that had only numbers, and most people used them for emergencies only. Nowadays, cell phones have many features such as phone calls, text massaging, taking pictures accessing the web, using calculator etc as many accessories. People become addicted in cell phone because they are getting many facilities by using it. For example whenever they go outside they can take the phone with them because of its size, networking range, a full charge battery, essay connection etc. There is no doubt about the benefits of mobile phones. Mobile phones have so many advantages but there have some disadvantages too. It has become a vital element for every person but nowadays it has also becoming an addiction to the young generation. If we talking about Bangladesh, nine out of ten young people in the town area, have own a mobile phone. They use it in various purposes. Their attraction of mobile phone is increasing day by day. Medical science says that the radiation of mobile phone is too bad for human health. In 1995 mobile phone has introduced to Bangladeshi people. The first mobile service provider company was Citycell. Then Grameenphone, Aktel, Banglalink, Teletalk, and Warid which is being named as Airtel an Indian telecom company who has also started their business in Bangladesh. In the arena of communication mobile has becoming the latest fashion and also the most essential means of communication.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using the subjective test for Criminal Recklessness, as used in the...
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