The Roman Colosseum, formerly known as the Flavian Amphitheatre exists today as a monumental relic of the Roman Empire. Not only is it known to have provided a place of entertainment for people of Rome, it is, although time has eroded its two thousand year old façade, nonetheless, admired for its complex design and construction. The Roman Colosseum was not only successful in attaining the eyes of the people but has also greatly influenced and contributed to many other Roman architectures for the time period.
The Colosseum was built under the reign of Emperor Vespasian who ruled from July 1, 69 until June 23, 79 AD. The Great Fire of Rome in 64AD occurred during Nero’s monarchy, Nero was the emperor before Vespasian. Nero made the city suitable to build a stupendous palace with lake and gardens and was referred to as the Golden House. A colossal stature of Nero was built on the site and had become a landmark in Rome. During the fire in Rome, the Amphitheatre of Statilius Taurus was destroyed, as well as the Amphitheatrum Neronis. After the death of Nero, the city of Rome was at its worst. Vespasian Flavian had to come up with an idea to assure the popularity of his family. His idea consisted of destroying Nero’s palace and construct an arena for gladiator games and other entertainment for the amusement of the crowd. The building to be built was to convey the Glory of Rome.
The fabrication of the Roman Colosseum commenced amidst 73-75 AD and was completed in 79 AD when Vespasian died. Its former name ‘Flavian Amphitheatre’ was derived from their last name but was later changed to ‘Colosseum’, which was derived from the colossal statue of Nero that was built in front of the Colosseum. The inauguration games in 81 AD were under the reign of Vespasian’s eldest son Titus.
The Colosseum was built from several of materials. Its main walls were built from travertine stone, a hard white limestone quarries in Tivoli thirty-five kilometre from Rome. The internal...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document