This paper will discuss Affirmative-Action. This paper will look at what Affirmative- Action is and what the original intent of Affirmative-Action legislation was. In addition, this paper will discuss the landmark affirmative action case of Bakke v. Regents. This paper will look at the conclusion of this case and what the basis of the conclusion was. This paper will also discuss the positive and negative results of Affirmative-Action legislation.
The dictionary (The Merriam-Webster Dictionary) identifies affirmative action as "an active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups and women" (The Merriam Webster Dictionary 11th ed., 2004). This is a good definition, both what is it really? Affirmative action in itself is just a term that is used to identify certain policies or programs that have been developed by the federal government to help level the playing field for minorities and their pursuit in achieving good paying jobs, admission to upper-level colleges and universities, and even in being awarded government contracts. Affirmative action was established as a response to decade of discrimination in this country against minorities, women, and other disadvantaged groups (ThisNation.com, 2012). It was found by the legislative bodies that there was a need for this even after the passage of different constitutional amendments and federal laws that prohibit it discrimination in this country based solely on race or ethnic origin. As stated, the initial intent of Affirmative- Action legislation was to simply level the playing field so that members of minority groups had the chance to compete evenly for jobs, college admission seats, and for federally awarded contracts. President Johnson first used the term "affirmative action" in his Executive Order 11246. This order ordered federal government contractors to "take affirmative action to ensure that...