Discrimination in the Process of Human Resource Development: Cause/Effect/Possible Solutions

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DEPARTMENT OF VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF BENIN

DISCRIMINATION IN THE PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCE
DEVELOPMENT: CAUSE/EEFECT AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
SEMINAR PAPER PRESENTATION

BY

ENAMAYE, JACOB (M.Ed) enamayejacob@yahoo.com
OMIGIE, UYI
SALUBI, JUSTICE
UGBO, SOLOMON M.
UYINMWEN, OSABUOHIEN
OSSAIGA, ROSE
IGBE, OKORO A.
OLUPAYIMO ESTHER O.
UGE, BLESSING O.

APRIL 2013.

Introduction
Human Resource Development (HRD), or human resource management, entails planning, implementing, and managing recruitment, as well as selection, training, career, and organizational development initiatives within an organization. The goal of Human Resource Development is to maximize the productivity of an organization by optimizing the effectiveness of its employees while simultaneously improving the work life of employees and treating employees as valuable resources. Consequently, Human Resource Development encompasses efforts to promote personal development, employee satisfaction, and compliance with employment related laws (Art Weinstein, 2004). The Purpose of Human Resource Development is centered on learning and performance perspectives, both benefiting the individual and the interests of shareholders. In a wider perspective, Hatcher (2000) argues that the purposes centre on economic benefits, social benefits and the ethics of Human Resource Development. These points indirectly suggest that a reconciliation of the purposes of Human Resource Development centrally focus on training, development and learning within organizations for individual development to achieve business strategies and for the development of organizational competence (Gourlay, 2001). In general, the purpose of Human Resource Development is to enhance individual performance and improve organizational effectiveness and productivity. Human Resource Development investigates its focused mainly on developing the individual and the organization through Training and Development and career development activities for individuals and organizational development initiatives for the organization as the targeted recipients of Human Resource Development activities. Industries and companies are always in a process of change which is usually propelled by advance in technology, presently different challenges occurs in our working environment, these changes are taking place at accelerated rate in Nigeria, and the Nigerian Industrial and economic future depends on being able to train the worker with the skill needed to meet the demands. In spite of the importance of Human Resources Development to meet the technological trend as aforementioned, discrimination still occurs in its processes. Thus, this paper therefore examines the various causes of discrimination with view of proffering possible solutions in other to bring sanity and equality to Human Resource Development process.

Concept of Human Resource Development
Human Resource Development as a series of organized activities conducted within a specified time and designed to produce behavioral change” and the latest definition is that HRD is “a set of systematic and planned activities designed by an organization to provide its members with the opportunities to learn necessary skills to meet current and future job demands (Nadler and Nadler, 1970). Harrison (2000) defines Human Resource Development as a planned process to modify attitude, knowledge or skills through learning experiences to achieve effective performance in an activity or range of activities. Its purpose, in the...
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