Discrimination and Special Educational Needs

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(Produce an information sheet which outlines the following: the current legislation for home based childcare and the role of regulatory bodies.)

The current legislations are as follows:

* Sex Discrimination Act (1975)
This backed by the Equal Opportunities Commission and its aims is to make sure people are not discriminated against on the basis of their gender.

* Race Relations Act (1976) which has been amended in (2000) This is to ensure individual are given a fair opportunity and the appropriate measures are put into place to achieve that goal.

* Education Act (1981)
This brought a significant change in through the wishes of parents ‘rights’ so that children with disabilities could be educated in ordinary schools.

* Public Health (Control of Disease) Act (1984
This explains in great detail the notification and exclusion periods for certain infectious diseases.

* Education Reform act (1988)
This brought about the process of the (National Curriculum) in schools.

* Education Act (1993)
This made some very important changes to the Education Act 1981 and the law relating to children with special educational needs.  These changes are now consolidated in the Education Act 1996.  The Code of Practice and the SEN Tribunal were the major innovations as was the enforcement of strict time limits for completing assessments of special educational needs by Local Education Authorities.

* Code of Practice for the Identification and Assessment of Children with Special Educational Needs (1994 which was revised in (2001) This is guidance specifically aimed at children who have Special Educational Needs (SEN) for the Local Authorities and the aim was designed to promote a high level of standards for all pupils through inclusive education.

* Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulation (RIDDOR) (1995) Outlines certain incidents or accidents that must be reported by law; For e.g. A Fracture, other than to fingers, thumbs and toes.

* Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations (1995)
This is about Food Temperature control and general food safety; this is not yet applicable to childminders to register for although good hygiene practices must be adhered to.

* Family Law Act (1996)
Guidance relating to safeguarding children.

* Disability Discrimination Act (1995)
This was established by the Parliament for to ensure the rights of disabled individuals in the United Kingdom.

* Education Act (1997)
This combined all the Acts since 1944 into one Act. This entailed a full framework of identifying and assessing a child’s particular needs as set out in the (The Code of Practice)

* Code of Practice for First Aid (1997)
Gives guidance on detailed specification for trained First Aiders and First Aid Requirements.

* Human Rights Act (1998)
This came into force in (2000) and was set out by the European Convention on Human Rights, this outlines basic rights. (I.E. The right to life)

* Protection of Children Act (1998)
A Private members bill, which was introduced by Debra Shipley (MP) its provisions are designed to help strengthen procedures for vetting people who work with children.

* Data Protection Act (1998)
The Act covers any data about a living and identifiable individual and prevents confidential information being passed on without the individuals permission. In practice it provides a way for individuals to control information about themselves, in the case of children parents must give permission.

* Special Educational Needs & Disability Act (2001)
The act required schools, colleges, universities, adult education providers, statutory Youth service and local education authorities to make 'reasonable provisions' to ensure people with disabilities or special...
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