Discrimination, in a general sense, simply means making a decision based on some distinctive factor. It involves making decisions on treating people differently based on prohibited discrimination factors such as race, age, sex, color, disability or national origin. Throughout history, the most common discrimination we hear about is the race of people. Thus, no one really takes into consideration of how woman are discriminated because of their sex, and how they are treated lower because of what their roles were traditionally. Therefore, by what one knows about discrimination, one would ask why is discrimination directed towards women?
Throughout most of history women generally have had fewer legal rights and career opportunities than men. Wifehood and motherhood were considered as women's most significant professions. Women were long considered naturally weaker than men, fastidious, and unable to perform work requiring muscular or intellectual development. "In most pre-industrial societies, for example, domestic chores were relegated to women, leaving "heavier" labor such as hunting and plowing to men. This ignored the fact that caring for children and doing such tasks as milking cows and washing clothes also required heavy, sustained labor" (Ryan 81-82).
Wifehood, the natural biological role, has been regarded as the major social role of women, as mentioned before. The resulting discrimination that "a woman's place is in the home" has largely determined the ways in which women have expressed themselves. Yang 2
Traditionally, children (girls) tend to learn from their mother's that cooking, cleaning, and caring for members of the household was the behavior expected of them when they grow up. "Tests made in the 1960s showed that the academic achievement of girls was higher in the early grades than in high school. The major reason given was that the girls' own anticipation decreased...