Discrimination

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I.Introduction

Discrimination is the prejudicial or distinguishing treatment of an individual based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or category, such as their race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, national origin, or religion. Most societies in the world are such, that do not accept and hence, judge, everything that is unknown to it or different from it. Thus, in our everyday life we are witnesses of some sort of discrimination or mistreatment of other people and in some cases we may find ourselves in the role of a discriminator, completely unconscious and without deliberate intention in advance. A particular importance in the acceptance and establishment of human rights has the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on its meeting in Paris (10 December 1948). It has been created starting from the principle that "all men are born free and equal in dignity and rights" - a principle which has a strong influence in the world. The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights that should be enjoyed by all human beings.

II.Types of discrimination
There are various types of discrimination. People are denied equality and dignity if they are discriminated against based on their sex, religion, sexual preference, age, color, race, language, genome, disability, marital status, etc.

1.Racial Discrimination

Racism refers to belief that there are certain inherent and characteristic differences between certain groups of people that can be measured hierarchically, or the belief that one race is superior to other races. Consequence of racism is a social, political and economic advantage of one group of people over another. Granting or revoking privileges on the basis of race is called racial discrimination. Some people consider being a racist as being smart and doing better for yourself. They believe that a real racist is not a person who hates other people because of their skin color, birth place, language spoken etc., but a person who has the ability to find the difference in people and respect it. But, the majority of the world does not share the same view. Generally, a racist is considered to be a person who ‘hates’ other races and therefore holds only disrespect to them. In addition, a person has provided the following answer to one of the most frequently asked questions: ‘Where racism is found most in the US’: “Racism is not found in a geographical region in the United States. Rather, it is found in the hearts and minds of the people who populate it. Where there is ignorance combined with hatred you will find racism. Unfortunately, form large cities to the smallest of towns you will find rampant ignorance and deep seeded hatred. This thought process knows no boundaries and therefore sprouts racism wherever there are people”. The most controversial thing that happened in the United States in the 1860-es, concerning the racism, is the forming of the Ku Klux Klan, or more commonly known as KKK. The Klan is a ‘secret’ organization, founded after finishing the civil war in USA, whose work is to impose racial and religious impatience. It's considered to be the first fascism organization in the world. The members have their unique, white clothes - white robes and hats with holes for the eyes. The organization is secretly supported by the government and it is tolerated after all those destroyed private properties and murders. The victims are almost always the same: Afro-Americans, Jewish, but also the white Christians who were declared as defenders of the Afro-Americans and the Jewish. *"There is a race war against whites. But our people - my white brothers and sisters - will stay committed to a non-violent resolution. That resolution must consist of solidarity in white communities around the world. The hatred for our children and their future is...
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