Discourse Types

Topics: Sentence, Grammar, Word Pages: 3 (638 words) Published: January 23, 2013
Discourse types

1) Conversation (Dialogue)
general (oral speech). Use of interjections = exclamations, chain of questions, rhetorical (риторический) questions, emotional colored words, repetition, substitution-замена, contract forms, ellipsis (is a series of dots that usually indicate an intentional omission of a word, sentence or whole section from the original text being quoted. An ellipsis can also be used to indicate an unfinished thought or, at the end of a sentence, a trailing off into silence (aposiopesis), example: "But I thought he was . . .". When placed at the beginning or end of a sentence, the ellipsis can also inspire a feeling of melancholy or longing. The ellipsis calls for a slight pause in speech or any form of text, and can be used to suggest a tense or awkward momentary silence. недостаток) в лингвистике — намеренный пропуск слов, несущественных для смысла выражения. Используется и как риторическая фигура разговорного стиля.).

Oral speech is always economical. Tag questions, indirect address (“look here”. “listen”)

* social features = small talk (is quite restrict- ограничен) accent (origin, dialectical words (mark origin too), slang, jurgon, vulgarisms (to insult/to express imotions * graphone - a deliberate distortion of spelling used to represent the speakers incorrect pronunciation (foreign accent; speech of Scots(шотландцы); drunk people, children speech) * individual features (ex. Favorite clichés “look here, Old Boy”

2) Narrative
Usually organized chronologically. Can be evaluative [ ɪ'væljuətɪv] оценочный. Dominated by action time (a lot of adverbs of time and place) there can be a mental action, for ex. : ‘decided’, ‘I understood’, ‘come to me’

Последовательность действий (кто-то куда-то), глаголы

3) Description
Can be subjective or objective.
Obj. (объективная) ex. The wall is green.
Subj. (субъективные) ex. The wall is green kind of hospitals have.

Objective means looking at the facts...
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