Disasters

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Disaster Planning

Disaster Planning
prevention, preparedness, response, recovery

PRINCIPAL CAUSES OF DISASTERS .................................................................................................. 2 – NATURAL DISASTERS........................................................................................................................... 2 – MAN-MADE DISASTERS ....................................................................................................................... 2 SOME MAJOR EFFECTS OF DISASTERS ........................................................................................... 3 FIRE ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 W ATER .................................................................................................................................................. 3 EARTHQUAKES ....................................................................................................................................... 3 BIOLOGICAL AGENTS .............................................................................................................................. 3 DISASTER PLAN .................................................................................................................................... 3 PHASE 1 : PREVENTION .......................................................................................................................... 3 PHASE 2 : PREPAREDNESS ..................................................................................................................... 4 PHASE 3 : RESPONSE ............................................................................................................................. 4 PHASE 4 : RECOVERY............................................................................................................................. 5 BIBLIOGRAPHY...................................................................................................................................... 6 WEBSITE DIRECTORY .......................................................................................................................... 8

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Disaster Planning

Disaster Planning
prevention, preparedness, response, recovery

A library or archives disaster is an unexpected event which puts collections at risk. No institution can be excluded from or is immune to the possibility. Disaster planning is a matter of basic security for libraries and archives, their staff and their collections. It is considered to be an essential part of any preservation programme to be implemented by any kind of library or archives. A formal written plan enables an institution to respond efficiently and quickly to an emergency, and to minimize damage to the building and its contents.

Principal Causes of Disasters
– Natural Disasters
• • • • • Rain and wind storms Floods Biological agents (micro-organisms, insect or vermin infestation) Earthquakes Volcanic eruptions

– Man-Made Disasters
• • • • • • • Acts of war and terrorism Fires Water (broken pipes, leaking roofs, blocked drains, fire extinguishing) Explosions Liquid chemical spills Building deficiencies (structure, design, environment, maintenance) Power failures

Natural disasters cannot be prevented, but measures can be taken to eliminate or reduce the possibility of trouble. Regardless of the many forms a disaster may take, the actual damage to collections is usually caused by fire or water. Even when they are not the initial factor, fires and floods almost invariably occur as secondary causes of library and archives disasters.

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Disaster Planning

Some Major Effects of Disasters
Fire
Books burn fairly slowly. Paper chars and crumbles when handled. Smoke and soot discolour books not otherwise affected. Microforms and audio-visual materials can be...
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