Disaster Management Policies and Systems in Pakistan

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A Review of

Disaster Management Policies and Systems in Pakistan

for

WCDR 2005

January, 2005 Islamabad

Abbreviations
1

ADB Asian Development Bank AJK Azad Jammu & Kashmir DCO District Coordination Officer DERA Drought Emergency Relief Assistance DANIDA Danish International Development Assistance ECF Energy Conservation Fund EIA Environmental Impact Assessment ERC Emergency Relief Cell FATA Federally Administered Tribal Areas FFC Federal Flood Commission GDO Goods Dispatch Organization GoP Government of Pakistan HKH Hindu Kush – Himalayan LGO Local Government Ordinance MDGs Millenium Development Goals MF Micro Finance MMTs Medical Mobile Teams MSDP Micro-Finance Sector Development Program NWFP North Western Frontier Province NA Northern Areas NCMC National Crisis Management Cell NDMA National Disaster Management Agency NEAP National Environmental Action Plan NEC National Economic Council NEQS National Environmental Quality Standards NFFB National Flood Forecasting Bureau P&D Planning & Development PCMCs Provincial Crisis Management Cells PIDs Provincial Irrigation Departments PPA Participatory Poverty Assessment PSDP Public Sector Development Program SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SUPARCO Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission TMA Tehsil Municipal Administration UC Union Council UNDP United Nations Development Programme UWP Urban Works Program VC Village Council WAPDA Water & Power Development Authority WMO World Meteorological Organization

Table of Contents

2

Page

1

Introduction

1.1- Geography 1.2- Floods 1.3- Drought 1.4- Earthquake 1.5- Cyclone 2 3 4 Disaster Management Policy at National Level National Strategy for Disaster Management

3.1- Flood Management Strategy
Organizations with Overall Disaster Management Responsibilities

4.1- Emergency Relief Cell 4.2- Pakistan Meteorological Department 4.3- Federal Flood Commission 4.4- National Crisis Management Cell 4.5- Civil Defence 4.6- Provincial Relief Departments 4.7- Provincial Irrigation Departments 4.8- Provincial Health Departments 4.9- Provincial Agriculture & Livestock Departments 4.10- Provincial Food Departments 4.11- Communication & Works 4.12- Planning & Development 4.13- Army 4.14- Police 4.15- Dams Safety Council 4.16- SUPARCO 5 Disaster Management and National Plans

5.1- National Five-Year Plans 5.2- First Five-Year Plan 5.3- Fourth Five-Year Plan 5.4- Fifth Five-Year Plan 5.5- Sixth Five-Year Plan 5.6- Eighth Five-Year Plan 5.7- Ninth Five-Year Plan 5.8- Ten-Year Perspective Development Plan 5.8.1- Water Resources Development 5.8.2- Risk Mitigation Fund 5.8.3- Environment 5.8.4- National Environment Action Plan 5.8.5- Energy Conservation Fund 5.8.6- National Conservation Strategy

5.9- Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
5.9.1- Provincial Perspectives

5.10- Disaster Management and Environment
6 Disaster Management in Regional Bodies

5 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 9 9 9 10 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 20 21 21

3

6.1- South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
6.1.1- Regional Study on the Causes and Consequences of Natural Disasters 6.1.2- Regional Study on Greenhouse Effect and its Impact on the Region 6.1.3- SAARC Plan of Action on Environment 6.1.4- The Colombo Declaration for a Common Environment Program

6.2- Regional Cooperation in Flood Disaster Mitigation in the HKH 7 Legislation for Disaster Mitigation and Management

7.1- The National Calamities (Prevention and Relief) Act, 1958 7.2- Emergency Services Ordinance, 2002 7.3- Local Government Ordinance, 2001 7.4- Environment Legislation 7.4.1- Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 7.4.2- Karachi Port Trust (Amendment) Ordinance, 1994 7.4.3- National Fund for Cultural Heritage Act, 1994 7.4.4- Agricultural Pesticides (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1995 7.4.5- AJK Environmental Protection Act, 1996 7.4.6- Federal Environmental Rules and Regulations...
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