DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND MITIGATION.
The term ‘disaster mitigation’ is variously understood by different people in different disciplines. The meaning of the word mitigate as “to mollify; to make easily borne; to temper’. Therefore one may consider mitigation action as if it will happen after the event. Various disasters like earthquake, landslides, volcanic eruptions, fires, flood and cyclones are natural hazards that kill thousands of people and destroy billions of dollars of habitat and property each year. The rapid growth of the world's population and its increased concentration often in hazardous environment has escalated both the frequency and severity of natural disasters. In the process of rescue operations and assessment of damage to a specific location during natural and man-made disasters; maps play an important role. The developing countries like India have seen the rapid urbanization and unplanned growth of cities and this requires fast updating of various type maps related to land use. Recent developments of Information and Space Technology have changed the scenario of surveying techniques Earthquake Preparedness and mitigation efforts require consistent planning and have become mandatory requirement for implementations for various cycles of natural disaster mitigation and management. About 60% of our country is vulnerable to earth quakes, 8% to cyclones and extra were might be affected by floods. With the advancements in information technology, especially Geo-spatial technologies like GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS; it is possible to address these concerns to a considerable extent in reality scenario. The...
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