Disadvantage of Fdi

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Foreign direct investment may be very advantageous to the host country that is the country which receives the investment flows in terms of helping the country progress economically and financially. However, foreign direct investment can remain beneficial only when the governments of the host countries put in needed regulations so as to prevent the country from being exploited and used as a profit generating machine for such corporate giants. The past has given many examples of how foreign direct investment can also at times be detrimental to the economy of a country, some examples of which are highlighted below: Political Lobbying: In the past, there have been many instances in which MNCs have resorted to political lobbying in order to get certain policies and laws implemented in their favor. At times, these MNCs are so large that their revenues even exceeded the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of some smaller nations and compel or threaten them to pass judgments and policies in their favor. Exploitation of Resources: Exploitation of natural resources of a host country is not an very uncommon phenomenon in the case of FDI. MNCs of other countries have been known to indiscriminately exploit the resources of hosts countries in order to get short run gains and profits and have even chosen to ignore the sustainability factors associated with the local communities and local habitat, very much like what happened in the 17th century colonialism. Threaten Small Scale Industries: MNCs have large economic and pricing power due to their large sizes. They do not have much problem with regards to financial capital and can hence resort to using advertising which is a costly affair. Also, these companies are global players who have their operations spread across countries and have effective supply chains which enable them to have economies of scale which smaller players in the domestic market of the host country cannot compete with. All this results in the MNC having cheaper...
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