Chapter 16 FRQs
1. De Jure Segregation De Facto Segregation means “from the law” in Latin
is the separation of people according to race as set by law means the person who is serving in that position |means “in fact” in Latin is segregation by fact or circumstance
means the person who is legally entitled to perform that function | | 2. The major provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 include: $ Abolishment of unfair or unequal tickets for voters of color, but provisions still apply for administering literacy tests to black voters. $ Prohibition of discrimination or segregation in publically owned businesses, exceptions to this rule include clubs that are said to be private. $ Public places should be open to everyone and everyone had to be allowed access to their use $ Desegregation of schools and allowing the Attorney General to file suits against schools that kept segregated schools. $ Not allowing federal funds to any business, school, etc. practicing discrimination. $ Prohibition of discrimination in jobs based on race, gender, or religious background, or based on based on who that person hangs out with, unless a specific nationality, gender, or religion was required for the job. $ Empowerment of the Equal Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to act to enforce laws regarding fair hiring and equal pay.
3. In the 1970s, the Native American Rights Fund and other groups used legislation to win important victories. The Native Americans won their land in the Midwest and in the states of Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Washington. In 1980, the Supreme Court made the national government pay the Sioux 117 million dollars plus interest. Today the Native American tribes do not pay any taxes on their profits from their casinos on their reservations. This has made gambling a big factor in economic growth for their tribes and has given the Native American families wealth and...