Disability and Children

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3.1 Explain how to monitor children and young people’s development using different methods. In order to work effectively with children & young people, we must assess their development and then plan to support them. Children and young people`s assessment has to be done sensitively and precisely. We should always ask permission from parents or responsible adult for the children, before assessing them. Observations of children should be stored carefully in order to maintain confidentiality. Sometimes it is not always possible to record observations as he or she (child) may be upset or not feeling well therefore one should ask if he or she would like to suspend an assessment for different day. It is important that we should assess children’s development reliably. Sometimes the behaviour’s, skills and interests that children shows there are several ways of carrying out observations to gather the necessary and reliable information. It is essential to involve parents and any staff that have contact with the child and also to focus on the positive as well as any negative aspects of care. Methods of observation include:

1. Naturalistic
this is a factual account of what is seen and heard during a normal course of events. An example of this would be a MSA in a playground watching an event occur so feedback can be given to teaching staff. This may help identify on-going issues such as bullying. 2. Checklist

The child has development checked against a list of specific milestones that should be reached at a particular stage. A good example of this checklist is the one use by Health Visitors in the child’s ‘red book’ where developmental milestones are checked at particular ages, starting at 6 weeks until the reach school age. 3. Graphs and Charts

Graphs and charts are quick and easy but only provide general information and may well not identify any cause for issues. 4. Structured
these are a factual accounts that will describe how a child tackles a present activity such as a simple maths task in Foundation stage. Notes are made as to whether the child could complete the task, what issues they had and how difficult they found it. 5. Focus Child

one child is assessed for a specific time, events are recorded using present categories. 6. Time Sample
this is the recording of information at regular intervals through a particular session. 7. Event Sample
this describes specific types of behaviour or events over a period of time. 8. Diary/Longitudinal Study
Separate observations carried out over a...
Another explanation of how to monitor children and young people’s development using different methods,

CAF (Common Assessments framework) CAF is a framework that assess children’s additional needs and identifies how best to meet those needs. CAF consists of * A pre assessment to help decide who would benefit from a common assessment and then act on result * A standard form to record the assessment

* A delivery plan and review form
* A standalone consent statement
* CAF has been designed to help professionals who work with children assess their needs at an early age and work with the children and their families to meet those needs. Some parents know their child has a difficulty learning but don’t know how to get help, CAF will help identify those children and will help them progress through appropriate intervention.

EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage)
The EYFS is a single quality framework to support children’s learning and development from birth to five. The Framework is based on four themes and principles and these are supported by sixteen commitments. 1. A unique child - recognises that the child is an individual that is competent to learn. 2. Positive relationships – Child will learn to have secure relationships with parents, careers and peers 3. Enabling environment – Environments role in development 4. Learning and Development – Children learn and develop in...
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