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International Journal of Innovative
Computing, Information and Control
Volume 6, Number 6, June 2010

ICIC International c 2010 ISSN 1349-4198
pp. 2459–2467

A SURVEY ON HUMAN COMPUTER INTERACTION TECHNOLOGY
FOR DISABLED PERSONS
Feng Wang and Xiangshi Ren∗
School of Information
Kochi University of Technology
185 Miyanokuchi Tosayamada-cho Kami-shi, Kochi 782-8502, Japan ∗
Corresponding author: ren.xiangshi@kochi-tech.ac.jp

Received November 2008; revised June 2009
Abstract. To protect the human rights of the world’s estimated 650 million disabled people in the information society, many techniques for improving the living quality were studied in the past few decades. In this paper, we make a survey on scientific literature dealing with the Human Computer Interaction (HCI) techniques for disabled persons. We investigate the relational fundamental models which can reveal the common ground of HCI technology and analyze the literature for solving the interaction difficulties of the persons with motor and visual disabilities respectively. A number of drawbacks and suggestions are made for future research on HCI technology for the disabled people. Keywords: Survey, Human computer interaction, Disabled persons

1. Introduction. As the human society entered the 21st century, people are more and more aware of the fact that the issue of more than 650 million people with disabilities is becoming a worldwide major social issue. The disabled persons are still facing special problems and difficulties due to their physical or mental limitations and the external environment and attitude towards them no matter in developed or in developing countries. To protect and enhance the rights and opportunities of the disabled persons, on December 13, 2006, the United Nations formally agreed on the convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the first human rights treaty of the 21st century [31]. In many countries or organizations, i.e., United States [20], European...
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