International Management - Managing Across Borders and Cultures
Managing Interdependence -Social Responsibility and Ethics
3. What does moral universalism mean? Discuss your perspective on this concept. Do you think the goal of moral universalism is possible? Is it advisable? Moral universalism is a moral standard toward social responsibility accepted by all cultures. My opinion is that what is morally correct in my culture may not be in another culture. If we practice equality then is it right for us to tell another culture what is morally correct. How then do we enforce our morals on others? With the numerous cultures and beliefs how do we determine what a universal standard is? And if a standard is found, how do you enforce it and what would the consequence be for breaking it. There are just too many uncertainties. I do not think that is possible to achieve moral universalism. Who makes the determination of what is morally correct? In theory it would be a lot easier if everyone had the same moral basis. In practice it is much more difficult to achieve. It is not advisable to enforce moral universalism on other cultures because then we are passing judgment on what is right or wrong for others instead of what is right or wrong for our own selves. With so many varied cultural attitudes and beliefs 4. What do you think should be the role of MNCs toward human rights issues in other countries? What are the major human rights concerns at this time? What ideas do you have for dealing with these problems? What is the role of corporate codes of conduct in dealing with these concerns? MNCs (Multinational corporations) are businesses that have operations in more than one country and have a role on human rights issues but MNCs must be very careful not to become instruments of political change or policy making, because they are economic institutions. There are social, civil and political, minority, and environmental rights concerns going on in various countries around the world. The world overall is in an economic downturn and each company that develops in another country must be sensitive to the needs of the particular country. The MNC can have both positive and negative aspects when developing in other countries. They can help bring money into a country by creating jobs and passing on their knowledge in the field by training workers. It can also be negative in cases of child labor or over developing the land. The MNCs should respect the values of other countries and the personal dignity of the people with whom they interact. They need to be treated humanely, have safe working conditions, some type of retirement plan and consistency in the workforce. The role of corporate codes of conduct is to ensure that they don’t sacrifice their conduct in order to make a profit. It looks good to say that you have a code on paper but not follow it when the bottom dollar may be affected. A code should be written and adhered to in order to positively change the negative aspect of companies that are perceived to come in and take over a foreign country. 5. What is meant by international business ethics? Should the local culture affect ethical practices? What are the implications of local norms for ethical decisions by MNC managers? International business ethics, also known as corporate ethics, is a form of applied ethics that examines ethical principles or moral and ethical problems that arise in a business environment. Simply put it is a way that a business handles ethical problems within their organization. Since local business practices differ substantially between regions of the world, it is difficult to find ethical standards subscribed to by all MNCs and their managers. The ethical standard of the local area should be given first consideration. The people of a particular culture have set the standards for what is perceived as right and wrong and you cannot take on the role...