Diplomacy at Work
In today's world political society, the use of diplomacy is a tool that allows countries to work out their differences in an attempt to avoid war. Diplomacy is often one of the last steps taken by two nations before a war begins or even during a war to stop a conflict. A terrific example of diplomacy and when it is used, is the controversy between the Israelis and the Palestinians in the Mideast. These two countries have been at arms for years and have just recently used diplomacy as a tool to settle their differences. Basically, diplomacy is a function of national power. This view was stated by Hans J. Morgenthau and supported in his essay, The Future of Diplomacy. Diplomacy, in the eyes of Morgenthau, is fourfold. First of all, diplomacy must take in respect the objective and the means by which it can be attained. For example, if a weak nation is trying to use diplomacy, it must first determine how much power it has in relation to the country it is dealing with, and if it's goals are attainable with that amount of power. Secondly, Morgenthau says that a nation must also take into respect the power of the other nation and the goal it is trying to reach. Basically, all he is saying is that a country must also take into interest the objectives and capabilities of the opposing nation. Thirdly, he states that diplomacy must determine how compatible the two nations needs are. In simpler terms, diplomacy determines whether or not two nations can come to a compromise with the issues at hand. Finally, Morgenthau says that diplomacy must include the proper steps to achieve a certain goal. Without one of these components it is believed by Morgenthau that the diplomacy system would fail; thus, not solving the problem of the two countries in its entirety. An excellent example of diplomacy between nations is that of the Palestinian and Israeli nations. The leaders of the these two nations, Yasir Arafat (Palestine) and Minister...
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