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1. The __ Golden Horde__ was one of the four regional subdivisions of the Mongol Empire after the death of Chinggis Khan and covered much of what is today south-central Russia. 2. One of the four regional subdivisions of the Mongol Empire after Chinggis Khan’s death, the __ Ilkhan _ khanate eventually conquered much of the Abbasid Empire. 3. Prince __ Alexander Nevskii __ saved the city of Novgorod from the Mongols by submitting to Mongol demands. 4. ___ Prester John__ was the name given to a mythical, rich, and powerful Christian monarch whose kingdom had supposedly been cut off from Europe by the Muslim conquests. 5. ___ Hulegu ___, ruler of the Lichen khanate, was responsible for the capture and destruction of Baghdad. 6. The Mongols were finally defeated in the Middle East by the armies of the _ Mamluks ____, a slave dynasty of Egypt. 7. The influential wife of Kublai Khan, __ Chabi __, promoted the interests of Buddhists in China. 8. The most famous dramatic work of the Yuan period was Romance of the West Chamber, indicative of the continued literary vitality of China during Mongol rule. 9. Secret religious sects, such as the _ White Lotus Society_, were dedicated to the overthrow of the Yuan dynasty. 10. A man from an impoverished peasant family, __ Ju Yuanzhang__, emerged to found the Ming dynasty.

TRUE/FALSE. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false. True/False:
1) T
2) F
3) T
4) F
5) F
6) F
7) T
8) F
9) F
10) F

1. In what centuries did the Mongolian people establish kingdoms in north China? Mongolian people began to establish kingdoms in north China in the 13th century. 2. Why were Mongolian men so well trained in hunting and war? Mongolian males were trained in hunting and war to shape them into powerful warriors. Their training prepared them to be valuable assets to the Mongol armies whose harsh disciplinary methods created the invincible war machine. 3. If city inhabitants resisted the Mongols conquest what fate might they fall to? If the inhabitants resisted the Mongols conquest, the Mongols would have their revenge. After overcoming a city’s protections, the nomads would not simply sack the city. They would ravage it in its entirety, murder the entire population, or else take survivors as slaves. Often these slaves would be used as a human shield when the Mongols fought in other wars.

4. Although he was a fierce warrior, Khan was a rather open and fair leader. Why do you believe he would do this? Although he was a fierce warrior, Khan was a rather open and fair leader. Why do you believe he would do this? Khan was an open and fair leader because he was open to new ideas and wanted to create a peaceful empire. Khan established a new capital in the steppes and helped create this capital by hiring people from all conquered regions. This shows how Khan was a fair leader, he had individuals from all regions helping build up the capital, it was based on talents and skills, not on who Khan might have liked best. Khan was seen as a fair leader because he used the knowledge of Muslim and Chinese bureaucrats to build an administrative structure for the empire. Mongol beliefs tolerated all religions. As said before, the main reason that Khan was a fair and open leader was because he wanted to create a peaceful empire, so all people were expected into the empire, no matter what religion. Peace was also brought to the empire through Mongolian language, and a legal code helped which helped end arguments. The Mongol conquests brought peace to much of Asia too.

5. What was established to end quarrels?
Chinggis Khan used knowledge of Muslim and Chinese bureaucrats to help create an administrative structure for the empire. Also, a script was devised for the Mongolian language, and to help end old quarrels, the Mongols established a legal code.

B. Greater Evaluation and understanding: Answer 5 of 8 thoroughly. 1....
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