Review of Related Literature, Studies and Systems
Every piece of ongoing research needs to be connected with the work already done to attain an overall relevance and purposes. The review of literature thus becomes a link between the research proposed and the studies already done.
Early Filipinos had their own set of written characters and alphabet and rich oral and written traditions of folktales and folklore which gives a glimpse into the talent of our ancestors in storytelling. Among the most favorite pre-colonial literature are folktales and folklores. Philippine folktales are locally known as alamat. It can be further classified into: myths which talk about the creation of man and the world, as well as super natural beings; legends which talk about an origin of a place or a thing; fables which use animals and things to convey the moral lesson of the story and fantastic stories which talk about odd and unusual characters. On the other hand, Philippine folklore usually talks about the life and the beliefs of the ancestors of a particular ethnic group. It is an oral tradition which is transmitted through word of mouth from generation to generation.(http://www.cebu-philippines.net/philippine-folktales.html, Retrieved October 11, 2012) According to CrisA.,Philippine folklore, as in other cultures, is predominantly about heaven and hell, good and evil. A duality that is present in most things. And similarly, it too has survived a long history of dominations and exits - both actually and artificially - despite the introduction of many religions and philosophies. It may have been due to the fact that the Philippines is made up of 7,000+ islands that most of the indigenous beliefs and practices managed to retain their essence despite the foreign influences. And from generation to generation, across vast expanses of seas and majestic mountains, it persisted, for better or for worse. and finds a place within the realms of the modern times and sometimes even mingles with popular culture.(http://cris-a.hubpages.com/hub/philippine-folklore-or-the-stuff-filipino-nightmares-are-made-of, Retrieved October 11, 2012) According to Krystina Madej, storytelling or the telling of narrative, goes back as far as time allows us to remember. It was central to society long before humans learned to write. Millions of anonymous raconteurs invented narrative when they discovered how to turn their observations and knowledge into tales they could pass on to others(https://learn.it.uts.edu.au/31002/Autumn04/support/diginarrative.pdf,Retrieved September 28, 2012) .Thus, storytelling is a universal, traditional art form that has featured strongly in all cultures as an effective communication tool.(http://earthjunkies.blogspot.com/p/about-earth-junkies-project.html, Retrieved September 14, 2012) In the middle ages, as what Meigs et.al have research, the tradition of storytelling and instruction was oral. Wandering bards and minstrels told stories and sang ballads. Children listened, joined in the refrains, and learned histories, folktales, and religious stories through repetition. Wandering troops of actors who put on Mystery, Miracle, and Morality Plays stopped in villages and castles during major celebrations. The characters in the plays, with their varied voices and different costumes, brought forth images in the mind rich in religious meaning, and children learned about symbolism and allegory by listening and watching . (https://learn.it.uts.edu.au/31002/Autumn04/support/diginarrative.pdf, Retrieved September 28, 2012) Within the suite of methods for telling stories, digital storytelling has emerged as a useful and efficient way for stories to be collected and shared. As a process, it allows stories to be told in ways that incorporate visual and audio tools to enhance the power of the story. (http://www.humantechnology.jyu.fi/articles/volume8/2012/Hancox.pdf, Retrieved October11,...
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